Dies ist eine HTML Version eines Anhanges der Informationsfreiheitsanfrage '“Limits for contaminants in fertilizers (Commission Proposal COM/2016/157).”'.



Ref. Ares(2016)1221582 - 10/03/2016
Ref. Ares(2018)1781913 - 03/04/2018
To: 
ASENIUS Maria (CAB-MALMSTROM); EICHHORN Nele (CAB-MALMSTROM); 
RATSO Signe (TRADE); [Art. 4.1(b)]  (TRADE);  [Art. 4.1(b)]
(TRADE); [Art. 4.1(b)]
 (TRADE);  [Art. 4.1(b)]
 (TRADE); 
[Art. 4.1(b)]
 (TRADE); [Art. 4.1(b)]  (TRADE);  [Art. 4.1(b)]
 (TRADE); 
 (TRADE) 
[Art. 4.1(b)]
Cc: 
CEBALLOS BARON Miguel (CAB-MALMSTROM); 
 (CAB-
MALMSTROM) 
Subject: 
Meeting DHoC Miguel Ceballos Baron with Fertilizers Europe - 7 March 2016 
Attachments: 
[Outside the scope of the request]
Meeting of Deputy Head of CAB Miguel Ceballos Baron with Fertilizers Europe – 7 March 2016, 11.00-
11.45 

Fertilizers Europe: Jacob Hansen, Director General; Sean Mackle, Director Trade & Economic Policy 
COM: Miguel Ceballos Baron, DHoC; [Art. 4.1(b)]
 DG TRADE G.3 
Fertilizers Europe (FE) represents exclusively companies with production in the EU (which includes the 
Russian company EuroChem which has production facilities in Antwerp). Eastern European members of FE 
constitute an important part of the membership. The members of FE produce 70% of their output within 
the EU. FE is a strong supporter of our trade policy, regarding both our offensive (FTA) agenda and TDI-
related matters.  

The meeting was focused on the following topics: 
(1)  Ongoing revision of the EU Fertilizer Regulation 2003/2003. 
FE briefed on the ongoing revision process to finalize a compromise package. The key trade-related 
issue is the planned limit value for cadmium in phosphate-based fertilizers. Currently, there's no EU 
limit value in place but the revision of the EU Fertilizer Regulation will introduce one. The 
compromise package which is currently still being finalized foresees a 60 mg/kg limit value upon 
entry into force, with a reduction to 40 mg/kg after 3 years and to 20 mg/kg after 12 years. Especially 
the lower limit values (40 and 20) that would be applied later on could lead to major issues for the 
import of phosphate rock from Northern Africa, namely Morocco and Tunisia – these countries 
export a lot of phosphate rock with rather high cadmium content to the EU; there are also significant 
imports of phosphate rock from Russia with a much lower cadmium content, thus the EU could 
become more dependent on Russian imports. 90% of phosphate rock – which is an important raw 
material in the production of fertilizers – has to be imported from third countries, the EU produces 
only around 10% domestically (with Finland as the main source). Some imports are also coming in 
from the US. 
Cadmium limit values vary greatly, with some MS and third countries having adopted rather low limit 
values, while in the US the threshold is set at the level of US States. FE can live with the 60 mg/kg 
limit and possibly also with the 40 mg/kg after three years, but the 20 mg/kg could be challenging, 
despite possible further technological progress in de-cadmiation technologies; the EU has tried to 
assist Morocco and Tunisia in applying such technologies, but this has been difficult and it has not 

been tested on an industrial scale yet. The company OCP, the major Moroccan, largely state-owned 
phosphate rock producer and exporter, is lobbying heavily even against the 60 mg/kg limit value and 
would prefer the continuation of the status quo, i.e. no EU limit value at all.  
(2) 
[Outside the scope of the request]
(3) 
[Outside the scope of the request]