Dies ist eine HTML Version eines Anhanges der Informationsfreiheitsanfrage 'Documents on proposal to amend the light emissions type approval regulation (715/2007)'.

Brussels, 27 September 2019
Interinstitutional files:
WK 10556/2019 INIT
This is a paper intended for a specific community of recipients. Handling and
further distribution are under the sole responsibility of community members.
Romanian Delegation
Working Party on Technical Harmonisation (Motor vehicles)
RO comments regarding „Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament
and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 on type approval of
motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial
vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance
information” (document st12161/19)
WK 10556/2019 INIT
ECOMP.3.A     AR/ech

RO comments regarding 
„Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation 
(EC) No 715/2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light 
passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and 
maintenance information” 
(document st12161/19) 
Ordinary legislative procedure + revision clause / Implementing acts /Delegated acts 
Art. 1/(4)/(b) – Art. 5/3 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 
Art. 1/(6) - Art. 8 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 
Art. 1/(10) - Art. 14/2 and 3 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 
RO considers that all the values set out in the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 are 
essential elements of that Regulation and having in view the provisions of Art. 290 of the TFUE 
they should not be amended or supplemented by delegated acts. The use of the ordinary 
legislative procedure for all values set out in the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 would 
ensure a strong legal certainty. 
With regard to the other provisions of the aforementioned articles, RO has a flexible position 
regarding the use of the implementing or delegated acts (with a preference for the implementing 
acts). In any case, there should be no difference of approach between the provisions of Art. 
1/(4)/(b) and Art. 1/(10); also, when opting for the implementing acts, it is necessary that they do 
not refer to the elements that are included in the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007. 
Regarding the revision clause, RO has a flexible position, we can accept it, but we consider that 
it is not necessary; it should be left to the Commission the flexibility to propose amendments to 
the Annex depending on the technological evolutions without time constraints. 
Consequently, RO proposes the following changes in relation to the last PRES proposal:  
Art. 1/(4)/(b) 
Art. 5/3/(a) tailpipe emissions, including test 
(a) tailpipe emissions, including test cycles, 
cycles, low ambient temperature emissions, 
low ambient temperature emissions, 
emissions at idling speed, smoke opacity and 
emissions at idling speed, smoke opacity and 
correct functioning and regeneration of after-
correct functioning and regeneration of after-
treatment systems; 
treatment systems; 
Art. 5/3/(b) evaporative emissions and 
(b) evaporative emissions and crankcase 
crankcase emissions; 
The deleted elements are included in the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, so they 
cannot be regulated by implementing acts. 
Art. 1/(10) 
Art. 14/2/(a) amend this Regulation for the 
Art. 14/2/(a) amend this Regulation for the 
purposes of revising downwards the 
purposes of revising downwards the 
particulate mass and particle number limit 
particulate mass and particle number limit 
values set out in Table 2 to Annex I; 
values set out in Table 2 to Annex I; 


Art. 14/3/(b) amending this Regulation in 
Art. 14/3/(b) amending this Regulation in 
order to revise downwards the pollutant-
order to revise downwards the pollutant-
specific final conformity factors set out in 
specific final conformity factors set out in 
Table 2a to Annex I in light of technical 
Table 2a to Annex I in light of technical 
progress by taking into account the technical 
progress by taking into account the technical 
uncertainties linked with the use of the 
uncertainties linked with the use of the 
Portable Emission Measurement Systems 
Portable Emission Measurement Systems 
The deleted elements are essential elements of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, so they cannot 
be regulated by delegated acts. 
The values and the manner of expressing the conformity factors in Table 2a 
RO supports the same values and manner of expressing the conformity factors as in the existing 
Regulation (EU) 2017/1151. 
Note (4) to Table 2a 
Note (4) to Table 2a should be read in connection with the amendments of Art. 10/4 and 5 of 
Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 (Art. 1/(7) of the Regulation).  
According to RO opinion, the current text of the Regulation does not confer legal certainty 
regarding the application of the RDE provisions under the same conditions as in Regulation (EU) 
No 2017/1151. 
Thus, the amendments of Art. 10/4 and 5 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 would require from 
the entry into force of the Regulation that all new types and all new vehicles meet all the 
requirements of Euro 6 norm, including the RDE requirements.  
As Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 is a normative act of higher rank than Regulation (EU) 
2017/1151, all the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 which are not correlated with the 
provisions of the Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 as amended by this Regulation will become 
obsolete. This will affect: 
the date of application of the temporary conformity factors for the new vehicles of categories 
N1 II and III, and N2
 - Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 as amended does not provide such date; for 
this reason, note (4) to Table 2a should be maintained; 
the derogation for the application of the RDE provisions for small volume manufacturer and 
for ultra-small-volume manufacturers
 – those derogations provided in Regulation (EU) 
2017/1151 can no longer be applied, because Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 does not provide the 
possibility of granting such derogations by a subsequent normative act.  
Consequently, RO proposes the following changes of Table 2a, in relation to the last PRES 
Table 2a 
Real Driving Emissions Conformity Factors 
Oxides of 
Number of 
hydrocarbons and 
oxides of nitrogen  
(THC + NOx)  
CFpollutant-final(2)   1,43  
1 + margin 
1 + margin 
NOx with 
PN with 


margin NOx 
margin PN 
= 0,43 
= 0,5 
CF pollutant-
1 + margin 
PN with 
= 0,5 

(1) CO emissions shall be measured and recorded for all RDE tests.  
(2) CFpollutant-final is the conformity factor used to determine compliance with the Euro 6 
emission limits by taking into account the technical measurement uncertainties linked with the 
use of the Portable Emission Measurement Systems (PEMS), composed of 1 + margin of 
technical uncertainty.  
(3) CF pollutant-temp is the temporary conformity factor that may be used upon request of the 
manufacturer as an alternative to CFpollutant-final during a period of 5 years and 4 months 
following the dates specified in Article 10(4) and (5). 
Transitional provisions and derogations 
1. In the case of new vehicles of category N1 II and III, and N2, for 4 years after the dates 
specified in Article 10(5) compliance with the Euro 6 emission limits for NOx during any 
valid RDE test in accordance with the second subparagraph of Article 4(1) shall not apply. 
2. The RDE test shall not apply to emission type-approvals granted to ultra-small-volume 
manufacturers as defined in Article 2(32). 
3. Until 5 years and 4 months following the dates specified in Article 10(4) and (5) the 
requirements regarding the RDE values shall not apply to emission type-approvals granted 
to small volume manufacturers. However, in the period between 3 years and 5 years and 4 
months following the dates specified in Article 10(4) and between 4 years and 5 years 4 
months following the dates specified in Article 10(5), small volume manufacturers shall 
monitor and report the RDE values of their vehicles. 
4. For the application of points 2 and 3, the following definitions are applicable: 
- ‘small volume manufacturer’ means a manufacturer whose worldwide annual production 
is less than 10 000 units for the year prior to the one for which the type approval is granted 
(a) is not part of a group of connected manufacturers; or  
 (b) is part of a group of connected manufacturers whose worldwide annual production is 
less than 10 000 units for the year prior to the one for which the type approval is granted; 
(c) is part of a group of connected manufacturers but operates its own production facilities 
and own design centre; 
‘ultra-small-volume manufacturers’ means a small volume manufacturer which has 
registrations of less than 1.000 in the Union for the year prior to the one the type approval 
is granted. 
Those provisions are taken from Regulation (EU) No 2017/1151: 
- pt. 1 from. Art. 15/4/(a); former Note (4) to Table 2a 
- pt. 2 from. Art. 3/11/(a)/last subparagraph 
- pt. 3 from. Art. 15/7 (! It seems that there is a contradiction with Art. 15/4/(c): the requirements 
of Annex IIIA shall not apply to type approvals granted to small volume manufacturers.) 
- pt. 4 from Art. 2/(32) and (32c) 


Relation between Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 
For legal certainty, RO considers that the provisions taken from Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 in 
Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 should be deleted from Regulation (EU) 2017/1151. 


Document Outline