Dies ist eine HTML Version eines Anhanges der Informationsfreiheitsanfrage 'Impact assessment on Food Labelling'.

Document 1
Ref. Ares(2020)114316 - 09/01/2020
03 - Science and stakeholder relations 
Summary Record of the 2nd Meeting  
19 May 2006
The Agenda was approved after adding 2 points under “Miscellaneous” (See point
10) at the request of “Animals Angels”, member of the Advisory Group on the Food
Chain and Animal and Plant Health (AG).
A practical problem was clarified by the Chair: many organisations participating in 
the AG wanted to have several experts present at the meeting. However, in order to 
maintain the current balance between the different members of the AG, in particular 
the consumers represented by BEUC, it was decided to authorise the participation of 
only one expert from each organisation (except BEUC) for the discussions.  

a) Introduction
Mr Madelin, Director-General, DG SANCO, emphasised the need to initiate 
a discussion to improve the current system and to identify which type of 
information would be needed. Consumers and operators agree with this 
approach. COM presented a consultative document raising the problems and 
exploring possible issues concerning labelling. Comments are requested by 
16/06/2006. This document tries to promote an overall approach to labelling 
which will enable consumers to make safe, healthy and sustainable choices, 
create a pro-competitive market environment and is consistent, coherent and 

Comments and questions raised:
• The industry is already addressing many of the issues identified in the 
paper; the principle of making the complicated understandable is a 
positive one (CIAA, UGAL). 
• DG AGRI, which has specific labelling requirements and DG SANCO 
should work in good cooperation (UGAL, COPA-COGECA). 
• Labelling is the single source of information for consumers as alternative 
sources are generally not used by the consumer. (BEUC). 
• Good that non-food products are included in the labelling review 
• The labelling of agricultural products sold loose by SMEs needs to be 
addressed (CELCAA). 
• The expectations of the consumer are not always in line with the labelling 
of fresh products (AVEC). 
• The concept of the recasting of food-labelling could be extended to feed 
• The process of recasting the legislation on labelling should not be a 
“never ending” story (EUROGROUP). 
b) Health warning labels on alcoholic beverages 
COM is preparing a communication on alcohol and health and work on the 
establishment of possible health warnings on the bottles of alcohol, in 
particular to warn consumers about the impact of alcohol on the unborn 
child, is in progress. COM will try to collect all possible views on the 
Comments and questions raised:
• No clear stand is taken on health warning labels on alcoholic beverage 
• Only the misuse of alcohol should be discouraged (CELCAA). 
• Even if there is a need for consistency between the actions against tobacco 
and alcohol, are health warnings the best way to target certain groups of 
people at risk through the consumption of alcohol, e.g. pregnant women 
• As MS sometimes take “solo” decisions and decide on the introduction of 
health warnings on alcohol without waiting for EU harmonisation, it 
might become necessary to consider the need for harmonized health 

warning labels but applied on a voluntary basis (EUROCOMMERCE; 
• The notion of quality in alcohol production should not been damaged by 
health warnings (COPA COGECA).  
• Do health warnings on a label constitute the best way to tackle the 
problem: would it not be better to try to educate/persuade people to 
moderate their consumption (CIAA)? 
c) Animal welfare labelling 
This initiative should enable consumers to make an informed choice and 
producers to benefit from market opportunities. Many options are offered 
and should be discussed with the stakeholders: from mandatory labelling to a 
complete market-driven, voluntary labelling scheme. This is part of a broader 
action plan on the protection and welfare of animals, including a possible 
European Reference Centre for animal welfare.   
Comments and questions raised: 
• Animal welfare standards are not complied with in many third countries 
and the indication of these standards will result in yet more additional 
labelling, as was the case with “organic”, etc. Problems with composite 
products are also mentioned (COPA COGECA). 
• The compliance with animal welfare standards is compulsory for animal 
products sold in the EU but is it really as a result of consumer demand 
• There are concerns expressed by some organisations about the 
establishment of a European Reference Centre for animal welfare (COPA 
• There is a possible confusion over the labels, considering the number of 
compulsory indications that already have to be shown (AVEC); is it really 
essential information (EUROCOMMERCE)?  
• A compulsory system would be better (EUROGROUP).
d) General food labelling and origin 
The general food labelling legislation will have to be recast and simplified 
and at the same time its scope of application could be clarified. Legibility of 
labels is a fundamental issue to be addressed.
Comments and questions raised:
• All existing labelling provisions (horizontal and vertical) should be 
compiled in a single regulation (EUROCOMMERCE). 
• The quality of the labelling legislation should be improved 
(simplification, clarification), and all horizontal provisions would have to 

be gathered in a single instrument, preferably a regulation. Presentation of 
the information is a difficult subject that raises the issues of control and 
multilingual labelling. Alternative formats should be considered for 
providing information (CIAA).  
• Clarity/ legibility of labels could be improved following a reflection on 
the order of the presentation of the information (UGAL). 
• Foodstuffs sold in restaurants or canteens should not be covered by the 
labelling requirements. However information needed by consumers 
should be available (FERCO, EMRA).  
The indication of origin or provenance on food labels, even when needed 
and/ or demanded by consumers, raises questions:
• Should the MS or EU/ third country be indicated?  
• Should the information be mandatory for all foodstuffs or only for certain 
categories of foodstuffs, for example, non-processed products? 
• Should new rules be introduced to prevent misrepresentation of the true 
origin of foodstuffs or raw materials, in cases where the origin is 
indicated on voluntary basis by the producers? 
Comments and questions raised:
• Origin is not key information and normally it should only be provided on 
a voluntary basis, however, a harmonised way of indicating it would be 
• The indication of origin on the labelling will raise the problem of control 
because of different practices in the MS (UECBV). 
• Will the consumer not make a link between the origin and the quality of 
the product (COPA COGECA) because it is well known that stating the 
origin is frequently used as a marketing tool because consumers favour 
products from their own country (CELCAA)? 
• In addition to the “triangular trade” (transit of a product via a country 
which is not the country of production), the problem of composite 
products impairs the applicability of the indication of origin (BEUC). 
• Only labelling to indicate origin where it is likely to impact on health 
should be mandatory (UEAPME).  
• Non-food products should also be taken into account when thinking about 
the indication of origin (UGAL).  
e) Nutrition labelling 
Several questions were raised about nutrition labelling:  

• Should this labelling be mandatory in particular cases like single 
ingredient products, small packages or food for immediate consumption? 
• What amount of information is required: e.g., the number of nutrients, the 
reference quantity or the recommended daily amounts? 
• Are alternative formats for providing nutrition information available on 
the basis of the experience of some MS?  
Comments and questions raised:
• The existence of EU legislation would avoid the discrepancies between 
MS (CIAA).  
• Too much information on a label is useless: alternative means can be used 
(CIAA). However these means should not replace basic information 
needed by the consumer because consumers do not concretely use 
alternative sources (BEUC).  
• The order of presentation of information on the label is more important 
than the harmonisation of presentation (UGAL).  
• It is difficult to label food in the catering and restaurant sector: the new 
legislation on labelling should be flexible on this aspect (FERCO, 
• Nutrition labelling should be established on a voluntary basis by the 
operators in a simple framework proposed by the EU 
Concerning labelling, for COM, the following points are important:  
• Some initial output from the consultation will be anticipated before the 
end of July. In reviewing the consultation responses, it is important to 
differentiate between comments based on opinions and those based on 
• It is clear that there is an appetite to think 'outside the box' in terms of 
options to improve labelling and that economic operators want to label 
products in a way that helps consumers.  
• The market is continuously evolving and it is important to be aware of 
this in considering what interventions on labelling make sense. Whatever 
is done must be sustainable and able to cope with this evolution. 
• Labels are part of a package and need to be backed up by information, 
education, promotion and trust. They should also ensure a level playing 
field (for example where origin can be linked to animal welfare). Overall, 
labelling should be considered as part of a policy tool box. 
• In terms of possible action on labelling the important issue is to consider 
what works best and what can be considered 'better regulation'? Would 

action be best done at the EU or national level? Should there be a lot of 
prescription at the EU level or have flexibility so that action can be 
adapted to the national situation? 
• The regulatory versus voluntary option needs to be considered. If the 
voluntary route is followed then how do you make sure that labels are 
honest and accurate? Could this lead to too many different labelling 
schemes and consumer confusion? 
• Should consumers be given what they 'want' or what they 'need' in terms 
of labelling? This is essentially a political decision, but might not just be 
based on what is rational. If EU citizens are requesting a certain type of 
labelling, which they might use in the wrong way (such as origin 
labelling), then the Commission and industry should address this. For 
example, by making a better case for why such labelling is not needed. 
• The costs and benefits of labelling changes must be taken into account 
and should be based on facts. For example SMEs might be more affected 
by changes as they update their labels infrequently but there is a need to 
know what 'infrequently' means, e.g. every 2 years, every 5 years? 
Animal health policy at the EU level plays a key role in facilitating the trade in 
animals and animal products, ensuring food safety, preventing the transmission of 
animal diseases to humans and providing financial support for the control and 
eradication of many serious diseases. The devastating social and economic 
consequences of diseases like foot-and-mouth disease or avian influenza 
demonstrate the importance of a strong and effective animal health policy at EU 
level. The Commission intends to develop a new and improved animal health 
strategy for the EU, to go beyond what has already been achieved with the existing 
animal health policy.  
The existing EU animal health policy is currently undergoing an external evaluation. 
This evaluation serves as a basis for reflection on possible policy options for the 
future. The evaluation team has identified possible key options to design the future 
Animal Health Strategy. At this stage, all these options are still open and will be 
studied following a full stakeholders’ consultation. The final report will be presented 
officially to the stakeholders in November 2006 (Austrian-Finnish Presidency 
Based on the evaluation results and the conference conclusions, the Commission 
will present during the DE Presidency (mid-2007) a Commission Communication 
on the EU Animal Health Strategy (2007-2013).  
Comments and questions raised: 
• AG members were generally largely satisfied with the stakeholder involvement 
decided upstream by COM in the elaboration of the project The current situation 
should be simplified with a clear strategic line to follow (COPA-COGECA; 

• Some questions on the financing of this strategy remain to be answered 
COM recalled the procedures which apply to the RASFF system according to the 
global framework given to the system within the “General Food Law” (Regulation 
EC No 178/2002). Details of the operations have been successively summarised in a 
Vade-mecum, and a Manual. The most important elements of the system are the 
initial criteria used for the establishment of the notification: alert, information. The 
system needs new implementing measures to update and formalise the current 
procedures and to fill the gaps that have been identified.  
A small working group of MS RASFF contact points has been set up for the 
development of new implementing measures for the system. The drafting is still at a 
preliminary stage and therefore does not necessarily represent the official views of 
Comments and questions raised:
• The review of the RASFF procedures is welcomed given that there are still 
uncertainties about the categorisation of risk in the notifications, the level of 
confidentiality or the definition of a lot which can differ according to the MS 
• The review of the system is important in order to give the consumer confidence 
in the system (CIAA), it is regrettable that the way potential emerging risks are 
taken into account is not harmonised in the MS (BEUC).  
COM explained that many problems are linked to the fact that the system needs to 
be “rapid”, which explains why, on occasion, initial findings notified are later 
In the framework of the new hygiene regulations, COM is launching the “Better 
training for safer food” initiative which aims to organise training courses for the 
staff of the competent authorities in the MS in charge of verifying compliance with 
EU food and feed law, animal health and animal welfare requirements, and with 
plant health requirements. Such training is also open to participants from third 
countries and, in particular, from developing countries.  
A European dimension to training aims to establish a fair level of uniformity of the 
controls carried out and of the decisions taken by the controlling authority pursuant 
to such controls, thus giving more certainty to food businesses as to an equal 
treatment wherever controls are carried out. 

The participation of third countries will lead to a better understanding of EU food 
standards and import procedures thus lowering the hurdle for third countries, and in 
particular developing countries, to place goods on the EU market. It will also lead to 
better compliance with the EU food standards and thus to lesser and more simplified 
controls at import. 
Following ad-hoc training initiatives organised in 2005-2006, a permanent training 
system should be in place from 2007 onwards. The subjects of the training in 2006 
• Veterinary checks in airport and seaport BIPs 
• Animal welfare (stunning and killing during slaughter and disease control 
• ABPs standards 
• EU standards for fish and vegetables 
• Avian flu for ASEAN countries 
The Hygiene package 
Details will be discussed at a meeting with stakeholders on 29.05.2006 
(documents were sent on 19.05.2006). The package of 5 interrelated and 
interdependent proposals and one non-related proposal will be discussed 
with MS in a final working group on 9 June and in the SCOFCAH on 19-20 
June. The package will be submitted for a vote in the SCOFCAH on 18-19 
The package comprises in particular:  
• a draft Regulation which adds requirements for the production of certain 
products of animal origin (fish oil, colostrums); replaces, recasts or adds 
Community certificates for imports of certain products of animal origin 
and amends some implementing rules adopted in 2005. 
• a draft Commission Decision establishing the lists of third countries from 
which fishery products and live bivalve molluscs can be imported. 
In addition, there is a proposal for an addendum, in relation to wild game and 
wild game meat, to be made to the guidance document for Regulation (EC) 
No 852/2004. 

Microbiological criteria for foodstuffs 
There are currently two projects:  
• New criteria to be added to Commission Regulation (EC) No 2073/2005. 
This project is at an early stage of development and concerns a process 
hygiene criterion for B. cereus in dried infant formulae, and a process 
hygiene criterion for Enterobacteriaceae, which if limits are exceeded, 
should lead to a food safety criterion for Salmonella. 
• A draft guidance document on official controls under Regulation (EC) No 
882/2004. This text focuses on official sampling which should be well 
planned and done in the context of monitoring and surveillance 
Information was provided concerning target setting for reduction of 
Salmonella in flocks of breeding hens, laying hens, broilers and turkeys, 
fattening and breeding pigs. Key dates and results of the baseline study in 
laying hens were recalled. Reference was also made to further studies. 
The TSE road map has been discussed at the Council and the European Parliament 
and with the Stakeholders. COM will now draft a “SANCO Priority document” 
defining, based on these consultations, the priorities for future work in the short and 
medium term. Every topic will be the basis for an in-depth discussion with the MS 
within the legal framework of the amended TSE Regulation. A meeting with the MS 
is planned at the beginning of June to exchange views on the proposed COM 
priorities after which the document will be finalised and published on the SANCO 
(This point was presented at the beginning of the meeting, before point 2 of the 
The draft presented will be finalised within the COM services and put on the 
SANCO website. Since the first version back in September 2005, the proposal for 
the EFSA budget in the financial perspectives 2007-2013 of the Commission was 
established at a level 15% to 20% less than expected. Consequently, the paper had to 
be reformulated. This paper will be discussed further with MS. This is a 
“consultation paper” needing input from various sources and still not a “position 
paper” of the Commission.
The paper presents in detail the advantages and disadvantages of the various options 
if EFSA is authorised to collect fees for the evaluation of certain substances. The 
practice of fees in other EU agencies such as EMEA (evaluation of medicines and 

veterinary medicines) provides workable examples. The main point is to clarify 
which part of EFSA’s activities is in the general public interest and which part is 
more dedicated to private interests.
Comments and questions raised:
• The independence of EFSA should be guaranteed by the absence of payment to 
persons in the different panels (COPA COGECA).  
• Currently, there is a problem of variations in fees when these are managed at the 
MS level: however, EU-harmonised fees should not be twice the level of those 
currently in force in MS (ECCA).  
• There should be no link between the fee and the authorisation 
• Fees should be proportionate to the costs involved, without any “surplus” used to 
finance other activities of EFSA (UGAL).  
For COM, the system used by EMEA is correct and independent.
Scientific opinions from EFSA on the potential allergenic properties of fructose, 
lupine and molluscs have indicated: 
• For fructose, the absence of allergic reactions, even if some rare forms of 
intolerance exist;  
• For lupine, a frequency of allergic reactions unknown in the general population, 
but a serious risk of cross reactivity in peanut allergic patients; 
• For molluscs, the well documented possibility of allergic reactions and the 
existence of crustacean/ mollusc cross reactivity. 
Consequently, COM will propose an update of Annex IIIa of Directive 2000/13 with 
the addition of lupine and molluscs.
– Transport of dairy cows 
Presentation of animal welfare problems identified before and after the 
transport of dairy cows at the end of their production life between the farms 
and the slaughter house.  
• The Commission is requested to raise the problem with the competent 
authorities in the MS; 
• The industry should take appropriate measures;

• The veterinarian at the farm, market and slaughterhouses should be 
– Practicability of the “journey log” for animal transport foreseen by Council 
Reg. (EC) No 1/2005
Presentation of the administrative problems likely to occur as a consequence 
of using the “journey log” for animal transport foreseen by Council Reg. 
(EC) No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport which should 
enter into force on the 1/07/2007.