Euratom Supply Agency
An EURATOM agency, also called ESA
A common nuclear market in the EU was created by the Euratom Treaty. Art 52 of the Treaty established the Euratom Supply Agency (ESA) to ensure a regular and equitable supply of nuclear fuels to EU users in line with the objectives of Art 2(d). To perform this task, ESA applies a supply policy based on the principle of equal access of all users to ores and nuclear fuel. In this context, ESA focuses on enhancing the security of supply of users located in the European Union and shares responsibility for the viability of the EU nuclear industry. In particular, it recommends that EU utilities operating nuclear power plants maintain stocks of nuclear materials and cover their needs by entering into long-term contracts with diversification of their sources of supply.ESA’s mandate is, therefore, to exercise its powers and, as required by its Statutes, to monitor the market to make sure that the market activities of individual users reflect the values set out above.
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