Ref. Ares(2017)1937578 - 12/04/2017
Ref. Ares(2018)4147635 - 07/08/2018
QUESTIONNAIRE ON EXPORT COMPETITION
Replies by the European Union
Agricultural Exporting State Trading Enterprises
Export Credit, Export Credit Guarantees or Insurance Programs (Export financing)
No export credit, export credit guarantees or insurance programmes are operated at the EU level. The
available data concerning various export financing schemes operated by the EU member states is
annexed to this note.
1. Some amounts of food have been distributed by EU member states in emergency situations in
cooperation with the WFP and other UN agencies and with the donor governments.
2. COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION of 30.3.2016 financing the distribution of dairy products as
part of the response to humanitarian crises from the general budget of the European Union
Ultra High Temperature (UHT) drinking milk
Quantity and/or value of food aid provided
EUR 30 million in 2 years (from 01/06/2016 to 31/05/2018). Out of this EUR 30 million, EUR 24 million
has already been disbursed during the pre-financing phases and the rest will be disbursed after the
appraisal of the final report. The World Food Programme will have distributed a total of 17 500 metric
tons of UHT milk to schools in support of 500 000 Syrian children in 2 years.
The milk will be delivered to schools across Syria during the 2016-17 and 2017-18 academic years, as
complement of WFP's existing Fortified School Snacks Programme, or through the WFP General Food
Description of whether food aid is provided on in-kind, untied cash-based basis and
whether monetisation was permitted.
In-kind emergency food aid, no monetisation was permitted.
Description of whether in fully grant form or concessional terms
Description of relevant needs assessment (and by whom) and whether food aid is
responding to a declaration of emergency or an emergency appeal (and by whom).
Needs assessment carried out by the World Food Programme concluded that the consumption of milk has
significantly reduced amongst poor households in Syria due to high food prices. The conflict has severely
impacted the agriculture sector and led to a decline in food production, particularly dairy production.
Syrian families typically consumed milk and other dairy products on a daily basis prior to the crisis. At
present, poor households rarely have access to milk and in some cases it has completely disappeared
from their diet.
The programme is integrated in the Emergency Operations of World Food Programme inside Syria, and
specifically complements WFP Fortified School Snacks Programme (FSSP) launched in August 2014 to
contribute to the overall objective of the No Lost Generation Initiative, an inter-agency response strategy
to ensure the education and protection rights of children and youth are not compromised by the
conflict. The FSSP is identified as an integral component of the education package, in its role to support
a return to learning and encourage regular classroom attendance.
Description of whether re-export of food aid is an option under the terms of the
provision of food aid