Frontex operations and incidents of push-backs at the Greek Turkish border

Lena Karamanidou made this access to documents request to European Border and Coast Guard Agency

The request was partially successful.

From: Lena Karamanidou

Delivered

Dear European Border and Coast Guard Agency,

Under the right of access to documents in the EU treaties, as developed in Regulation 1049/2001, I am requesting documents which contain the following information:

Dear European Border and Coast Guard Agency,
Under the right of access to documents in the EU treaties, as developed in Regulation 1049/2001, I am requesting documents which contain the following information:
1. The mandate of Frontex operational activities at the Greek-Turkish land border, i.e. in the Greek administrative region of East Macedonia and Thrace, since 01 January 2015 and any changes thereto, including operational planning documents and any other documents relating to operational procedures.
2. The number of Frontex personnel deployed at Greek-Turkish land border per month between 01 October 2017 and 31 October 2018. Please specify per month sending member state, mandate, role, and which police directorate they are attached to (e.g. Alexandroupoli, Orestiada).
3. Any information relating to the technical equipment (vans, thermal cameras, etc) used by Frontex and Greek authorities in joint operations at the Greek-Turkish land border between 01 October 2017 and 31 October 2018;
3a. Information on whether the technical equipment is owned by FRONTEX or leased/on loan from member states; which member states it is leased/on loan from, for how long, and the personnel that is accompanying the technical equipment.
4. The training manual/guidance/standards of procedure given to Frontex personnel deployed at the Greek Turkish land border, specifically as to the required steps taken should a third country national expresses their intention to seek asylum.
5. The number of joint return operations through the Greek-Turkish land border per month between 01 October 2017 and 31 October 2018 under the Bilateral Greek-Turkish Readmission Agreement (Greek Law 3030/2002) and the agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Turkey on the readmission of persons residing without authorisation, in which FRONTEX has been assisting the Greek authorities through its personal or seconded staff employed, the mandate under which the return or readmission operations take place, the exact nature of involvement of Frontex personnel, and any information relating to the nationality of the return persons per month in the above mentioned period.
5. Reports on push-backs across the Evros river that were conveyed to the Agency Frontex personnel deployed the Greek-Turkish land border, by persons who have experienced or witnessed push-backs, or received by independent agencies or individuals, and which independent agencies or individuals they were received from, each month between 01 October 2017 and 31 October 2018 or if they cannot be made public, their exact number and a summary of the alleged violations.
By push-packs, I refer to returns effected outside the framework of the Bilateral Greek-Turkish Readmission Agreement (Greek Law 3030/2002); the agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Turkey on the readmission of persons residing without authorisation, Directive 2008/115/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals, and have been reported, inter alia, by the Greek Council for Refugees and IRIN.
6. Reports, or if they cannot be made public, their exact number, on violence witnessed by Frontex personnel deployed at the Greek- Turkish land border, by persons who have experienced or witnessed violence, or received by independent agencies, and which independent agencies they were received from, each month between 01 October 2017 and 31 October 2018.
7. Any documents or report pertaining to actions and steps taken by Frontex as a consequence of incidents of push-backs and/or violence between 01 October 2017 and 31 October 2018.
8. All official correspondence and/or internal notes or position papers in regard to alleged push-backs and incidents of violence at the Greek Turkish border between 01 October 2017 and 31 October 2018.
9. Documents pertaining to the exact mechanism for victims of abuses to file a complaint to Frontex officers deployed at the Greek-Turkish land border.

Please do not hesitate to contact me if you need any clarification regarding this request.

Yours faithfully,

Lena Karamanidou

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From: PAD
European Border and Coast Guard Agency


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Dear Ms Karamanidou,

 

Thank you for your email and your interest in Frontex activities.

 

We would like to inform you that pursuant to Article 2(1) of Regulation
(EC) No 1049/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May
2001 regarding public access to European Parliament, Council and
Commission documents, the right of access to documents is granted to a
citizen of the Union, and any natural or legal person residing or having
its registered office in a Member State.

 

To confirm that you are invested in the right of access to the documents
applied for, it is necessary to provide a proof of identification.

 

1. Preferably:

Please submit your request as an email attachment in the formats Pdf,
ASICE, ADOC, BDOC, EDOC and signed electronically through a qualified
e-signature in line with the eDIAS Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 910/2014
of 23 July 2014 on electronic identification and trust services for
electronic transactions in the internal market).

 

2. Alternatively:

• For natural persons: Please provide an ID card/passport/residence permit
in the EU;

• For legal persons: kindly submit the registration of your entity in an
EU Member State and a proxy authorizing you to act on behalf of this
entity.

 

Please submit the respective document to: [1][email address]

 

If you do not agree to submit documents containing personal data, we are
unfortunately not able to process your application.

 

We will start processing your application after providing you with
acknowledgement of receipt of the above mentioned documents and will reply
within 15 working days.

 

Please be informed that:

• The person responsible for controlling your personal data (data
controller) is the Head of the Transparency Office;

• Personal data is collected for the exclusive purpose of assessing the
nationality/proxy of the applicant and, if applicable, the seat of the
entity represented by the applicant;

• Only relevant staff members have access to your data;

• Your data is deleted at the latest when you receive the final reply.
Processing your application takes a maximum of 15 or 30 working days
depending on the number/size of the document(s) applied for;

• You are entitled to access and rectify your data during the processing
of your application;

• During any steps of the process, you have the right to have recourse to
the European Data Protection Supervisor.

 

Should you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

Transparency Office

+48 22 205 9500

[2][email address]

Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency · Plac Europejski 6,
00-844 Warsaw, Poland · Tel: +48 22 205 9500 · Fax: +48 22 205 9501 ·
[3]www.frontex.europa.eu

DISCLAIMER: This e-mail message, including any attachments, cannot be
construed as automatically constituting any form of commitment by Frontex,
unless its contents clearly indicate otherwise. It is intended solely for
the use of the addressee(s). Any unauthorised disclosure, use or
dissemination, either in whole or in part, is prohibited. If you have
received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately via
e-mail and delete the e-mail from your system.

References

Visible links
1. mailto:[email address]
2. mailto:[email address]
3. http://frontex.europa.eu/

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From: Lena Karamanidou

Delivered

Dear PAD,

I am not comfortable uploading documents containing personal data on a public website but am happy to provide you with a scan of my passport when I receive the redacted email address from the asktheEU team. I have already emailed them regarding this.

Yours sincerely,
Lena Karamanidou

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From: Lena Karamanidou

Delivered

Dear PAD,

Thank you for informing me that the response to my application is delayed and that you will endeavour to provide me with the documents requested as soon as feasible.
I would appreciate it if you used the asktheeu platform when responding to my request.
Yours sincerely,
Lena Karamanidou

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From: Question
European Border and Coast Guard Agency


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Dear Ms Karamanidou,

 

Please be informed that Frontex Media and PR Office took over your request
from November 20, 2018 as far as the following questions are concerned, as
these are related to request for information:

 

1. Please specify all operations under which Frontex personel, seconded
national experts, Frontex equipment or equipment under loan/lease from MS
are currently deployed in the aforementioned region

5. The training manual/guidance/standards of procedure given to Frontex
personnel deployed at the Greek Turkish land border, specifically as to
the required steps taken should a third country national expresses their
intention to seek asylum.

11. Documents pertaining to the exact mechanism for victims of abuses to
file a complaint to Frontex officers deployed at the Greek-Turkish land
border.

 

Best regards,

 

Frontex Media and PR Office

 

 

Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency · Plac Europejski 6,
00-844 Warsaw, Poland · Tel: +48 22 205 9500 · Fax: +48 22 205 9501 ·
[1]www.frontex.europa.eu

DISCLAIMER: This e-mail message, including any attachments, cannot be
construed as automatically constituting any form of commitment by Frontex,
unless its contents clearly indicate otherwise. It is intended solely for
the use of the addressee(s). Any unauthorised disclosure, use or
dissemination, either in whole or in part, is prohibited. If you have
received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately via
e-mail and delete the e-mail from your system.

References

Visible links
1. http://frontex.europa.eu/

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From: PAD
European Border and Coast Guard Agency


Attachment Lena Karamanidou CMS 2018 00011 0345.pdf
2.8M Download View as HTML

Attachment PAD Main part OPLAN 2017 FOA BCP Final.pdf
850K Download View as HTML

Attachment PAD 20160215 Annex of OPPLAN FOA 2016 BCP Final.pdf
7.0M Download View as HTML

Attachment PAD OPLAN JO FOA 2016 BCP Final.pdf
720K Download View as HTML

Attachment PAD 03 02 2017 Annex OPLAN 2017 JO FOA 2017 BCP Final.pdf
9.4M Download View as HTML


Dear Ms Karamanidou,

Please find enclosed our response to your application for access to documents.

In order to accommodate the volume of the documents, the attachments will be sent in several emails. This is the first email out of 5 in total.

Please do not hesitate to contact us with any question you may have.

Yours sincerely,

Transparency Office
+48 22 205 9500
[email address]

Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency

www.frontex.europa.eu
Plac Europejski 6, 00-844 Warsaw, Poland · Tel: +48 22 205 9500 · Fax: +48 22 205 9501
DISCLAIMER: This e-mail message, including any attachments, cannot be construed as automatically constituting any form of commitment by Frontex, unless its contents clearly indicate otherwise. It is intended solely for the use of the addressee(s). Any unauthorised disclosure, use or dissemination, either in whole or in part, is prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately via e-mail and delete the e-mail from your system.

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From: PAD
European Border and Coast Guard Agency


Attachment PAD Main part FOA2015.pdf
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Attachment PAD 2016 06 08 Main part FOA2016.pdf
884K Download View as HTML

Attachment PAD 2017 01 31 Main part OPLAN 2017 FOA BCU.PDF.pdf
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Attachment PAD 2015 11 24 Sp Annex FOA2015.pdf
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Attachment PAD 2016 06 08 Sp Annex FOA2016.pdf
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Attachment PAD 2017 10 26 Annex to OPLAN 2017 FOA BCU.PDF.pdf
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2/5

Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency

www.frontex.europa.eu
Plac Europejski 6, 00-844 Warsaw, Poland · Tel: +48 22 205 9500 · Fax: +48 22 205 9501
DISCLAIMER: This e-mail message, including any attachments, cannot be construed as automatically constituting any form of commitment by Frontex, unless its contents clearly indicate otherwise. It is intended solely for the use of the addressee(s). Any unauthorised disclosure, use or dissemination, either in whole or in part, is prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately via e-mail and delete the e-mail from your system.

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From: PAD
European Border and Coast Guard Agency


Attachment PAD Annexes of OPPLAN FP 2015.pdf
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Attachment PAD Specific Annexes of OPLAN FP 2016.pdf
8.8M Download View as HTML

Attachment PAD Main part OPLAN FP 2016.pdf
947K Download View as HTML


3/5

Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency

www.frontex.europa.eu
Plac Europejski 6, 00-844 Warsaw, Poland · Tel: +48 22 205 9500 · Fax: +48 22 205 9501
DISCLAIMER: This e-mail message, including any attachments, cannot be construed as automatically constituting any form of commitment by Frontex, unless its contents clearly indicate otherwise. It is intended solely for the use of the addressee(s). Any unauthorised disclosure, use or dissemination, either in whole or in part, is prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately via e-mail and delete the e-mail from your system.

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From: PAD
European Border and Coast Guard Agency


Attachment PAD Main part OPLAN 2017 FP Land.pdf
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Attachment PAD OPLAN JO FP 2015 Land.pdf
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Attachment PAD 07.02.2017 Annex OPLAN 2017 JO FP 2017 LAND.PDF.pdf
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4/5

Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency

www.frontex.europa.eu
Plac Europejski 6, 00-844 Warsaw, Poland · Tel: +48 22 205 9500 · Fax: +48 22 205 9501
DISCLAIMER: This e-mail message, including any attachments, cannot be construed as automatically constituting any form of commitment by Frontex, unless its contents clearly indicate otherwise. It is intended solely for the use of the addressee(s). Any unauthorised disclosure, use or dissemination, either in whole or in part, is prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately via e-mail and delete the e-mail from your system.

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From: PAD
European Border and Coast Guard Agency


Attachment PAD FW 38572017 Turkish open source information regarding alleged push b....pdf
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Attachment 2017 12 11 Open source information regarding a possbile unprocessed retu....pdf
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Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency

www.frontex.europa.eu
Plac Europejski 6, 00-844 Warsaw, Poland · Tel: +48 22 205 9500 · Fax: +48 22 205 9501
DISCLAIMER: This e-mail message, including any attachments, cannot be construed as automatically constituting any form of commitment by Frontex, unless its contents clearly indicate otherwise. It is intended solely for the use of the addressee(s). Any unauthorised disclosure, use or dissemination, either in whole or in part, is prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately via e-mail and delete the e-mail from your system.

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From: Question
European Border and Coast Guard Agency


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Dear Ms Karamanidou,

 

Please find answers to your questions here below.

 

 

1.            Please specify all operations under which Frontex personel,
seconded national experts, Frontex equipment or equipment under loan/lease
from MS are currently deployed in the aforementioned region.

 

Technical equipment and officers currently deployed at the Greek-Turkish
land border take part in the following operations: Joint Operation
Flexible Operational Activities 2018 on Border Surveillance, Joint
Operation Focal Points Land and Joint Operation Flexible Operational
Activities 2018 Land on Border Checks.

 

5. The training manual/guidance/standards of procedure given to Frontex
personnel deployed at the Greek Turkish land border, specifically as to
the required steps taken should a third country national expresses their
intention to seek asylum.

 

During the operational briefing on the first day of their deployment
within Frontex operations, all Team Members receive the following
materials on the asylum procedure prepared by EASO and Frontex. The tools
on the access to asylum procedure, referral procedures are described in
operational plans and are part of the briefing. All the above mentioned
documents are available on our website.

 

 

•             Practical Guide - the guide information about the core
obligations of the first-contact officials, the rights of persons in need
of international protection and information on the procedural guarantees
and support that is provided in the first-contact context.

https://frontex.europa.eu/publications/a...

 

•             Pocket Book - this tool features the core principles and
main messages of the Practical Guide on Access to the Asylum Procedure in
a small booklet suitable for operational purposes.

https://frontex.europa.eu/publications/a...

 

•             Poster - presents the ten main messages on Access to the
Asylum Procedure and can be displayed, in the first-contact officials’
workplaces.

https://frontex.europa.eu/publications/a...

 

 

•             Leaflet on Frequently Asked Questions - provides quick
access to relevant information about Access to the Asylum Procedure by
posing direct questions that first-contact official may have.

https://frontex.europa.eu/publications/a...

 

 

 

11. Documents pertaining to the exact mechanism for victims of abuses to
file a complaint to Frontex officers deployed at the Greek-Turkish land
border.

 

 

According to Article 72 of European and Border Coast Guard Regulation EU
REG 1624/2016, the Agency sets, in cooperation with the Fundamental Rights
officer, a complaints mechanism to monitor and to ensure the respect for
fundamental rights in the operational areas where the activities of the
agency are implemented. Complaints mechanism is the Annex to the
Operational Plans and is a part of the operational briefing. Booklets,
posters, leaflets, hard copies of the complaint forms as well as the
privacy statements are available and accessible to everyone in operational
areas. All relevant documents are available in our website at:
[1]https://frontex.europa.eu/contact/lodge-...

 

 

•             Booklet information about the complaints mechanism;

•             Decision of the Executive Director on the Complaints
Mechanism;

•             the Agency's Rules on the Complaints Mechanism, Privacy
Statement

•             list of Potential Fundamental Rights Violations During
Operations;

•             Memorandum of Understanding between Frontex Fundamental
Rights Officer and Frontex Data Protection Officer:

 

Lodging a complaint and accessing complaint forms in 11 languages is
available via the following link:
[2]https://microsite.frontex.europa.eu/en/C...

 

Best regards,

 

Frontex Media and PR Office

 

 

Frontex - European Border and Coast Guard Agency · Plac Europejski 6,
00-844 Warsaw, Poland · Tel: +48 22 205 9500 · Fax: +48 22 205 9501 ·
[3]www.frontex.europa.eu

DISCLAIMER: This e-mail message, including any attachments, cannot be
construed as automatically constituting any form of commitment by Frontex,
unless its contents clearly indicate otherwise. It is intended solely for
the use of the addressee(s). Any unauthorised disclosure, use or
dissemination, either in whole or in part, is prohibited. If you have
received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately via
e-mail and delete the e-mail from your system.

From: Question
Sent: 08 January 2019 16:55
To: '[FOI #6112 email]'
<[FOI #6112 email]>
Cc: Question <[email address]>; PAD <[email address]>
Subject: PAD request (CMS-2018-00011-0345) Operational activities at the
Greek-Turkish borders

 

Dear Ms Karamanidou,

 

Please be informed that Frontex Media and PR Office took over your request
from November 20, 2018 as far as the following questions are concerned, as
these are related to request for information:

 

1. Please specify all operations under which Frontex personel, seconded
national experts, Frontex equipment or equipment under loan/lease from MS
are currently deployed in the aforementioned region

5. The training manual/guidance/standards of procedure given to Frontex
personnel deployed at the Greek Turkish land border, specifically as to
the required steps taken should a third country national expresses their
intention to seek asylum.

11. Documents pertaining to the exact mechanism for victims of abuses to
file a complaint to Frontex officers deployed at the Greek-Turkish land
border.

 

Best regards,

 

Frontex Media and PR Office

 

 

References

Visible links
1. https://frontex.europa.eu/contact/lodge-...
2. https://microsite.frontex.europa.eu/en/C...
3. http://frontex.europa.eu/

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