Ref. Ares(2017)3804699 - 28/07/2017
CETA and Human Rights
The EU, its member states and Canada have reaffirmed their strong commitment to
democracy, human rights and respect to the rule of law both in the CETA preamble and in the
Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) which provides the framework for EU-Canada
bilateral relations. The SPA makes human rights an essential element of the entire EU-Canada
bilateral relationship, including the trade relationship – so much so, that serious and
substantial violations of human rights by a Party can be cause for suspension or termination of
both the SPA and CETA.
The relevant provisions in the SPA and CETA are: SPA ARTICLE 28 – "Fulfilment of obligations"
, in particular paragraph 7 refers to CETA: 7. In addition, the Parties recognise that a particularly serious and substantial violation of
human rights or non-proliferation, as defined in paragraph 3, could also serve as grounds for the
termination of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) in
accordance with Article 30.9 of that Agreement
[N.B. on procedure to terminate the Agreement].
REAFFIRMING their strong attachment to democracy and to fundamental rights as laid down in The
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, done at Paris on 10 December 1948, and sharing the view
that the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction poses a major threat to international security;"
RECOGNISING the importance of international security, democracy, human rights and the rule of
law for the development of international trade and economic cooperation.