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EU SDG indicator set: Full list of 2019 review
Ref. Ares(2019)3592632 - 04/06/2019
 For legend & explanations: Please refer to the work sheet "Read me first"!   |   List is "ready to print" in A3
The worksheet "EU SDG indicators - review" presents, for each SDG: 
- Indicators primarily allocated to that goal (max 6 per goal)  
- Indicators that have been deleted in the review are marked "(del)"; new indicators added are marked "(new)" .
- Multipurpose indicators also used to monitor that goal but primarily allocated to another goal
- Indicators put on hold or not retained for the refined EU SDG indicator set
The worksheet includes additional detailed information for each indicator such as their alignment with other indicator sets, possible disaggregation, data units etc..
Is part of the indicator set on ...
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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
y d
UN
10 P
Eu
P
Ri
by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
(N
by 
(DEGU
b
others
Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
1
01_10
People at risk of poverty or social exclusion
% of population and 
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
1.2.2 (s)
P1-05
ps
I-04-1 M
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
thousand persons
Differences by sex, by age group, by household type, by educational level, 
by disability status, by degree of urbanisation and by country of birth are 
addressed in the narrative or the monitoring report.
1
01_20
mpi -> 10 People at risk of income poverty after social  % of population and 
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
1.2.1 (s); 
ps-c
I-04-2
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
transfers
thousand persons
1.2.2 (p); 
10.2.1 (s)
1
01_30
Severely materially deprived people
% of population and 
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
1.2.2 (p)
ps-c
I-04-3
X
X
thousand persons
1
01_40
People living in households with very low 
% of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
1.2.2 (p)
ps-c
I-04-4
X
X
work intensity
less than 60 and 
thousand persons
1
01_41
mpi -> 8
In work at-risk-of-poverty rate
% of employed 
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
II-08-3
X
X
X
X
X
by work intensity of 
persons aged 18 or 
the household; by 
over
type of contract 
(temp/perm); by 
full/part time work; 
b
h
k d
1
01_60
mpi -> 11 Population living in a dwelling with a leaking  % of population
every year
2,83
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
11.1.1 (s)
X
X
X
X
X
roof, damp walls, floors or foundation or rot  i. total
in window frames or floor
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
1
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
1
03_60
mpi -> 1
Self-reported unmet need for medical care
% of population aged  every year
2,67
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
III-11-1 M
X
X
X
X
X
by detailed reason
16 and over
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
1
06_10
mpi -> 1
Population having neither a bath, nor a 
% of population
every year
2,83
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
6.2.1 (s)
X
X
X
X
shower, nor indoor flushing toilet in their 
i. total
household
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
1
07_60
mpi -> 1
Population unable to keep home adequately  % of population
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
X
X
X
warm
i. total
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
1
11_10
mpi -> 1
Overcrowding rate
% of population
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
i. total
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
1
Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
1/15

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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
y d
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10 P
Eu
P
Ri
by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
(N
by 
(DEGU
b
others
1
on hold
Material and social deprivation rate (MSD)
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
Indicator kept on hold as replacement of sdg_01_30 “Severely materially 
1.2.2 (p)
I-04-3
deprived people” once Europe 2020 strategy has run out.
1
on hold
Extent of homelessness in the EU
not specified
Indicator kept on hold as thematic placeholder; however no initiative for 
indicator development identified so far.
1
not 
Housing cost overburden rate
% of population
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
Suggested for (re-)inclusion but not retained. This indicator was replaced in 
X
X
X
X
X
X
retained; ex 
i. total
2018 review by new indicator sdg_01_41 "In work at-risk-of-poverty rate" 
01_50 (del)
ii. below 60% of 
to allow further alignment with the Social Scoreboard of the European 
median equivalised 
pillar of Social Rights.
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
2
02_10
mpi -> 3
Obesity rate
% of population aged  more than 3 
2,00
ESS (EHIS)
Eurostat
No modification.
2.2.2 (p)
X
X
X
X
X
X
by body mass index 
18 or over
years
(BMI)
i. overweight 
(BMI>25)
ii. pre-obese (BMI 25-
30)
iii. obese (BMI>30)
2
02_20
Agricultural factor income per annual work  Chain linked volumes  every year
3,00
ESS (EAA)
DG AGRI
No modification.
unit (AWU)
(2010) in EUR and 
index 2010 = 100
2
02_30
Government support to agricultural research  million EUR and EUR  every year
2,83
ESS (GBAORD)
Eurostat
No modification.
and development
per capita (current 
prices)
2
02_40
Area under organic farming
% of total utilised 
every year
2,67
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
2.4.1 (p)
agricultural area 
(UAA)
2
02_50
Gross nutrient balance on agricultural land
kg per hectare
every year
2,33
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
by nutrient
i. nitrogen
ii. phosphorous
2
02_60
Ammonia emissions from agriculture
tonnes and kg per 
every year
2,83
Reporting under  EEA
No modification.
hectare utilised 
National 
agricultural area 
Emission 
(UAA)
Ceilings 
Directive 
(NECD) and 
Convention on 
Long-range 
Transboundary 
Air Pollution 
(CLRTAP)
2
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
2
06_40
mpi -> 2;  Nitrate in groundwater
mg NO3 per litre
every year
2,00
WISE-4 
EEA
No modification.
6.3.2 (p)
15
Waterbase
2
15_50
mpi -> 2
Estimated soil erosion by water
km2 and % of the non- a-periodic
1,83
Soil erosion 
JRC
No modification.
artificial erosive area
database
2
15_60
mpi -> 2
Common bird index
index 2000 = 100 and  every year
2,00
PECBMS
European Bird 
No modification. To be noted that currently, no MS data are available.
by type of species
index 1990=100
Census Council
i. all common species
ii. common farmland 
species
iii. common forest 
species
2
Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
2
on hold
mpi -> 3;  Harmonised risk indicator for pesticides
not specified
ESS
Eurostat
Indicator development is well advanced but will only be ready in April or 
15
May 2019, i.e. too late for inclusion into the 2019 EU SDG MR but in time 
for the 2020 EU SDG MR. Therefore kept on hold.
The temporary use of alternative indicator "Sales of pesticides" in the 2019 
EU SDG MR is not considered appropriate as published data on pesticide 
sales does not allow assessment at EU level, sales data are of limited 
significance regarding risks for environment and human health and 
temporary replacement would not be in line with the principle of 
continuity of monitoring.
2/15

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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
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Eu
P
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by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
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by 
(DEGU
b
others
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
3
03_10
Life expectancy at birth
years
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
X
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
3
03_20
Share of people with good or very good 
% of population aged  every year
2,83
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
X
X
X
X
by level of 
perceived health
16 or over
perception
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
3
03_30
Smoking prevalence
% of population aged  every 3 years
2,67
Eurobarometer DG SANTE
No modification.
3.a.1 (s)
X
X
15 or over
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
3
03_40
Death rate due to chronic diseases
number per 100 000  every year
2,67
ESS
Eurostat
3.4.1 (p)
X
X
persons aged less 
than 65
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
3
03_41
Death rate due to tuberculosis, HIV and 
number per 100 000  every year
2,50
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
3.3.1 (s); 
X
X
hepatitis
persons
3.3.2 (s); 
i. total
3.3.4 (s)
ii. males
iii. females
3
03_60
mpi -> 1
Self-reported unmet need for medical care
% of population aged  every year
2,67
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
III-11-1 M
X
X
X
X
X
by detailed reason
16 and over
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
3
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
3
02_10
mpi -> 3
Obesity rate
% of population aged  more than 3 
2,00
ESS (EHIS)
Eurostat
No modification.
2.2.2 (p)
X
X
X
X
X
X
by body mass index 
18 or over
years
(BMI)
i. overweight 
(BMI>25)
ii. pre-obese (BMI 25-
30)
iii. obese (BMI>30)
3
08_60
mpi -> 3
People killed in accidents at work
number per 100 000  every year
2,67
ESS (ESAW)
Eurostat
No modification.
8.8.1 (p)
employees
3
11_20
mpi -> 3
Population living in households considering  % of population
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
X
X
X
X
that they suffer from noise
i. total
Replacement by indicator "Exposure to environmental noise" (TERM 005) 
ii. below 60% of 
was considered but not retained after assessment of data provided for this 
median equivalised 
indicator. However, data reported under Environmental Noise Directive 
income
(2002/49/EC) will be included in the narrative of the 2019 EU SDG MR (as 
iii. above 60% of 
in 2018 edition).
median equivalised 
income
3
11_40
mpi -> 3
People killed in road accidents
persons and number  every year
2,83
CARE database DG MOVE
No modification.
3.6.1 (i)
per 100 000 persons
3
11_50
mpi -> 3
Exposure to air pollution by particulate 
µg/m3
every year
2,33
AirBase - The 
EEA
No modification.
11.6.2 (i)
by particulate matter
matter
i. particulates <2.5µm
European air 
ii. particulates <10µm
quality database
3
Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
3
on hold
Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
not specified
not specified
ECDC
According to feedback received, indicator development is not enough 
advanced for inclusion into the 2019 EU SDG MR; kept on hold.
3
not 
Suicide rate
number per 100 000  every year
2,67
ESS
Eurostat
Suggested for (re-)inclusion but not retained. This indicator was replaced in  3.4.2 (i)
X
X
retained; ex 
persons
2018 review by new indicator sdg_03_41 " Death rate due to tuberculosis, 
03_50 (del)
i. total
HIV and hepatitis " to increase policy relevance of SDG 3 monitoring in EU 
ii. males
context.
iii. females
3
not 
Consumed litres of pure alcohol per capita
not specified
Suggested for inclusion but not retained. To be noted that several 
retained
proposals on substance abuse (tobacco, alcohol…) were made during 
development of indicator set in 2017. Indicator sdg_03_30 "Smoking 
prevalence" was selected as the most relevant health threat. Key figures 
on alcohol consumption are difficult to interpret as their significance as 
health determinants is complex.
3/15

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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
y d
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10 P
Eu
P
Ri
by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
(N
by 
(DEGU
b
others
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all  
4
04_10
mpi -> 5
Early leavers from education and training
% of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
P1-04
ed
I-01-1 M
X
X
X
X
18 to 24
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
4
04_20
mpi -> 5
Tertiary educational attainment
% of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
P1-03
ed
I-01-4
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
30 to 34
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
4
04_30
Participation in early childhood education
% of children between  every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
4.2.2 (s)
ed-c
X
4-years-old and the 
starting age of 
compulsory education
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
4
04_40
Underachievement in reading, maths and 
% of 15-year-old 
every 3 years
2,50
PISA
OECD
No modification.
4.6.1 (i)
ed-c
I-01-3
X
science
students
i. reading
ii. maths
iii. science
4
04_50
mpi -> 5
Employment rate of recent graduates
% of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
ed-c
X
X
X
X
X
X
20 to 34 with at least 
upper secondary 
education
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
4
04_60
Adult participation in learning
% of population aged  every year
2,83
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
4.3.1 (s)
ed-c
I-01-2
X
X
X
X
25 to 64
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
4
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
4
08_20
mpi -> 4
Young people neither in employment nor in  % of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
8.6.1 (i)
ed-c
I-05-1 M
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
education and training
15 to 29
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
4
Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
4
on hold
mpi -> 4
Individuals with basic or above basic overall  % of persons aged 16- every year
2,50
ESS
Eurostat
Indicator to consider as replacement of one of the existing indicators in 
4.4.1 (s)
III-12-1 M
digital skills
74
SDG 4 once Education and Training 2020 (ET 2020) framework has run out. 
Indicator on hold was previously assigned to SDG 9.
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls  
5
05_10
mpi -> 16 Physical and sexual violence to women 
% of women
a-periodic
1,50
http://fra.europ DG JUST; EU 
No modification, but alternative indicator on "Gender based violence" 
5.2.1 (s); 
X
experienced within 12 months prior to the 
i. age 15-74
a.eu/en/publica Agency for 
needs to be developed as current indicator is discontinued since 2012.
5.2.2 (s)
interview
ii. age 18-29
tions-and-
Fundamental 
iii. age 30-39
resources/data- Rights
iv. age 40-49
and-
v. age 50-59
maps/survey-
vi. age 60+
data-explorer-
violence-against-
women-survey
5
05_20
Gender pay gap in unadjusted form
% of average gross 
every year
2,67
ESS (SES)
Eurostat
No modification.
8.5.1 (s)
P7-27
I-02-3
X
hourly earnings of 
men
5
05_30
Gender employment gap
Percentage points
every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
em-c
I-02-1 M
5
05_40
mpi -> 8
Inactive population due to caring 
% of inactive 
every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
responsibilities
population aged 20 to 
64
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
4/15

Is part of the indicator set on ...
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Data
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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
y d
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10 P
Eu
P
Ri
by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
(N
by 
(DEGU
b
others
5
05_50
Seats held by women in national parliaments  % of seats
every year
3,00
The Gender 
EIGE
No modification.
5.5.1 (s)
and governments
i. national parliaments
Statistics 
ii. national 
Database (GSD)
governments
5
05_60
Positions held by women in senior 
% of positions
every year
3,00
The Gender 
EIGE
No modification.
5.5.2 (i)
management
i. board members 
Statistics 
ii. executives
Database (GSD)
5
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
5
04_10
mpi -> 5
Early leavers from education and training
% of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
P1-04
ed
I-01-1 M
X
X
X
X
18 to 24
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
5
04_20
mpi -> 5
Tertiary educational attainment
% of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
P1-03
ed
I-01-4
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
30 to 34
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
5
04_50
mpi -> 5
Employment rate of recent graduates
% of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
ed-c
X
X
X
X
X
X
20 to 34 with at least 
upper secondary 
education
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all 
6
06_10
mpi -> 1
Population having neither a bath, nor a 
% of population
every year
2,83
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
6.2.1 (s)
X
X
X
X
shower, nor indoor flushing toilet in their 
i. total
household
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
6
06_20
mpi -> 11 Population connected to at least secondary  % of population
every 2 years
2,17
ESS 
Eurostat
No modification.
6.3.1 (s)
wastewater treatment
(OECD/ESTAT 
joint 
questionnaire)
6
06_30
mpi -> 15 Biochemical oxygen demand in rivers
mg O2 per litre
every year
1,83
WISE-4 
EEA
No modification.
6.3.2 (s)
Waterbase
6
06_40
mpi -> 2;  Nitrate in groundwater
mg NO3 per litre
every year
2,00
WISE-4 
EEA
No modification.
6.3.2 (p)
15
Waterbase
6
06_50
mpi -> 15 Phosphate in rivers
mg PO4 per litre
every year
2,00
WISE-4 
EEA
No modification.
6.3.2 (p)
Waterbase
6
06_60
Water exploitation index
% of long term 
every 2 years
2,17
OECD/ESTAT 
Eurostat
No modification. Replacement by more advanced indicator WEI+ produced  6.4.2 (s)
by type of water 
average available 
joint 
by EEA to be considered once data on Member States and EU aggregate 
source
water (LTAA)
questionnaire
are available.
i. total
ii. fresh surface water
iii. fresh groundwater
6
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
6
14_40
mpi -> 6
Bathing sites with excellent water quality
Number and % of 
every year
2,50
EEA
EEA
No modification.
by locality
bathing sites
i. seawater
ii. freshwater
6
Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
6
on hold
Water exploitation index, plus (WEI+)
%
not specified
EEA, data 
Indicator to consider as replacement of sdg_06_60 “Water exploitation 
collected by 
index” once data on Member States and EU aggregate are available 
Eurostat
(currently, only aggregated data by river basins are available).
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Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
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bi
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(DEGU
b
others
6
on hold
Ecological status of surface waters
% of water bodies 
more than 3 
Data reported 
WISE - EEA
Indicator proposal put on hold to be re-considered as potential 
6.3.2 (s)
(rivers, lakes, 
years
to Commission 
replacement of sdg_06_30 “Biochemical oxygen demand in rivers” and 
transitional and 
in relation to 
sdg_06_50 “Phosphate in rivers” (which both are part of a bundle of 
coastal water bodies) 
WFD River Basin 
indicators used as input for indicator "Ecological status of surface waters") 
in at least good 
Management 
provided frequency and timeliness of the indicator can be improved.
ecological status
Plan
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all  
7
07_10
mpi -> 12;  Primary & final energy consumption
million tonnes of oil 
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
P3-13; 
en
13
equivalent and index 
P3-14
2005 = 100
7
07_20
Final energy consumption in households per  kg of oil equivalent
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
capita
7
07_30
mpi -> 12 Energy productivity
Chain linked volumes  every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification. Transformation to “Energy intensity” to consider once 
7.3.1 (s)
en-c
(2010) in EUR and PPS 
Europe 2020 strategy has run out.
per kg of oil 
equivalent
7
07_40
mpi -> 12;  Share of renewable energy in gross final 
%
every year
2,83
ESS (SHARES)
Eurostat
No modification.
7.2.1 (i)
P3-12
en
by sector
13
energy consumption
i. all sectors
ii. transport
iii. electricity
iv. heating and cooling
7
07_50
Energy dependence
% of imports in total 
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
en-c
by product
energy consumption
i. all products
ii. solid fuels
iii. total petroleum 
products
iv. gas
7
07_60
mpi -> 1
Population unable to keep home adequately  % of population
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
X
X
X
warm
i. total
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
7
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
7
13_20
mpi -> 7
Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of 
index 2000 = 100
every year
2,83
UNFCCC  
EEA; Eurostat
No modification.
energy consumption
reporting and 
EU Greenhouse 
Gas Monitoring 
Mechanism
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8
08_10
Real GDP per capita
Chain linked volumes  every year
3,00
ESS (National 
Eurostat
No modification.
8.1.1 (i)
P1-06
(2010) in EUR  and % 
accounts)
change on previous 
year
8
08_11
Investment share of GDP
% of GDP
every year
3,00
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
P1-07
i. Total investment
ii. Business 
investment
iii. Government 
investment
iv. Households 
investments
8
08_20
mpi -> 4
Young people neither in employment nor in  % of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
8.6.1 (i)
ed-c
I-05-1 M
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
education and training
15 to 29
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
8
08_30
Employment rate
% of population aged  every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
P1-02
em
II-06-1 M
X
X
X
X
X
X
20 to 64
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
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Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
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by 
by 
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status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
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by 
(DEGU
b
others
8
08_40
Long-term unemployment rate
% of active population every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
em-c
II-06-5
X
X
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
8
08_60
mpi -> 3
People killed in accidents at work
number per 100 000  every year
2,67
ESS (ESAW)
Eurostat
No modification.
8.8.1 (p)
employees
8
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
8
01_41
mpi -> 8
In work at-risk-of-poverty rate
% of employed 
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
II-08-3
X
X
X
X
X
by work intensity of 
persons aged 18 or 
the household; by 
over
type of contract 
(temp/perm); by 
full/part time work; 
by months worked
8
05_40
mpi -> 8
Inactive population due to caring 
% of inactive 
every year
3,00
ESS (LFS)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
responsibilities
population aged 20 to 
64
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
8
12_20
mpi -> 8
Resource productivity and domestic material  EUR (chain linked 
every year
3,00
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
8.4.2; 
P1-09
consumption (DMC)
volumes, 2010) per kg 
12.2.2 (p)
DMC; index 2000 = 
100; PPS per kg DMC 
and thousand tonnes 
DMC
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation  
9
09_10
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
9.5.1 (i)
P1-01
rd
X
by sector
i. total
ii. business enterprise 
sector
iii. government sector
iv. higher education 
sector
v. private non-profit 
sector
9
09_20
Employment in high- and medium-high 
% of total 
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification. Potential candidate for improvement or replacement in 
9.2.2 (s)
rd-c
X
X
technology manufacturing and knowledge-
employment
order to strengthen monitoring of "promote inclusive & sustainable 
intensive services
i. total
industrialisation" under SDG 9.
ii. high and medium 
high-technology 
manufacturing
iii. knowledge-
intensive services
9
09_30
R&D personnel
% of active population  every year
2,83
OECD/ESTAT 
Eurostat
No modification. Potential candidate for improvement or replacement in 
9.5.2 (s)
rd-c
X
X
by sector
i. total
joint 
order to strengthen monitoring of "promote inclusive & sustainable 
ii. business enterprise 
questionnaire
industrialisation" under SDG 9.
sector
iii. government sector
iv. higher education 
sector
v. private non-profit 
sector
9
09_40
Patent applications to the European Patent  total number and 
every year
2,67
PATSTAT
EPO
No modification.
rd-c
Office (EPO)
number per million 
inhabitants
9
09_50
mpi -> 11 Share of busses and trains in total passenger  % of total inland 
every year
2,50
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
9.1.2 (s)
by vehicle
transport
passenger-kilometres
i. all collective 
transport modes
ii. trains
iii. motor coaches, 
buses and trolley 
busses
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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
y d
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10 P
Eu
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by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
(N
by 
(DEGU
b
others
9
09_60
Share of rail and inland waterways activity in  % of total inland 
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
9.1.2 (s)
total freight transport
tonne-kilometres
i. all railways and 
inland waterways
ii. railways
iii. inland waterways
9
Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
9
12_30
mpi -> 9;  Average CO2 emissions per km from new 
g CO2 per km
every year
3,00
Reporting under  EEA
No modification. Movement to SDG 13 might be considered in future 
13
passenger cars
Regulation (EC) 
reviews provided data bug of existing indicator sdg_13_60 “Population 
No 443/2009
covered by the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy signatories” 
cannot be resolved and no alternative indicator on climate action support 
can be found.
9
Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
9
on hold
mpi -> 12 Air emission intensity from industry
not specified
Air emission 
Eurostat | EEA
Potential candidate for inclusion in order to strengthen monitoring of 
accounts | E-
"inclusive & sustainable industrialisation" under SDG 9; could also be used 
PRTR database
as mpi under SDG 12 (“Decoupling environmental impacts from economic 
growth”). Put on hold as currently no agreement was achieved on data 
source to be used, on selection and aggregation of pollutants to be 
presented and on existing indicator under SDG 9 to be replaced.
9
not 
Households - level of internet access
not specified
Suggested for inclusion but not retained as current indicators on 
17.6.2 (s)
retained
infrastructure under SDG 9 are considered as more relevant.
10 Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries 
10
10_10
Purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita
PPS (current prices), 
every year
3,00
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
8.1.1 (s)
P9-30
index EU28 = 100 and 
coefficient of variation
10
10_20
Adjusted gross disposable income of 
PPS (current prices), 
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
II-08-1 M
households per capita
index EU28 = 100 and 
coefficient of variation
10
10_30
Relative median at-risk-of-poverty gap
% distance to poverty  every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
threshold
10
10_41
Income distribution
Quintile share ratio
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
P5-23
ps-c
I-03-1 M
X
X
10
10_50
Income share of the bottom 40 % of the 
% of income
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
10.1.1 (p)
population
10
10_60
Asylum applications
number per million 
every year
2,67
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
by state of procedure
inhabitants
i. first time application
ii. positive first 
instance decision
10 Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
10
01_20
mpi -> 10 People at risk of income poverty after social  % of population and 
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
1.2.1 (s); 
ps-c
I-04-2
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
transfers
thousand persons
1.2.2 (p); 
10.2.1 (s)
10
17_20
mpi -> 10 EU financing to developing countries
million EUR (current 
every year
2,83
OECD database OECD (DAC)
No modification.
by financing source
prices)
i. total
ii. official 
development 
assistance
iii. grants by NGOs
iii. private flows
iv. other official flows
v. officially supported 
export credits
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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
y d
UN
10 P
Eu
P
Ri
by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
(N
by 
(DEGU
b
others
10
17_30
mpi -> 10 EU imports from developing countries
million EUR (current 
every year
3,00
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
by country income 
prices)
group
i. DAC countries
ii. least developed 
countries
iii. lower middle 
income countries
iv. other low income 
countries
v. upper middle 
income countries excl. 
China
vi. China (excl. Hong 
Kong)
10 Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
10
not 
Residents who acquired citizenship as a 
not specified
Suggested as replacement of sdg_10_60 "Asylum applications". Agreement 
retained
share of resident non-citizens
on the need to explore alternative indicator for sdg_10_60 "Asylum 
applications". However, indicator proposal is similarly limited as 
sdg_10_60 "Asylum applications" in view of meaningful trend assessment.
11 Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11
11_10
mpi -> 1
Overcrowding rate
% of population
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
i. total
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
11
11_20
mpi -> 3
Population living in households considering  % of population
every year
3,00
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification. 
X
X
X
X
X
X
that they suffer from noise
i. total
Replacement by indicator "Exposure to environmental noise" (TERM 005) 
ii. below 60% of 
was considered but not retained after assessment of data provided for this 
median equivalised 
indicator. However, data reported under Environmental Noise Directive 
income
(2002/49/EC) will be included in the narrative of the 2019 EU SDG MR (as 
iii. above 60% of 
in 2018 edition).
median equivalised 
income
11 11_30 (del)
Difficulty in accessing public transport
% of population total,  a-periodic
1,50
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
Replaced by new indicator sdg_11_31 "Settlement area per capita" (former  11.2.1 (s)
X
X
by level of difficulty 
in cities, in towns and 
sdg_15_30 “Artificial area", moved from SDG 15 to SDG 11) as SILC based 
in accessing public 
suburbs and in rural 
data collection on access to public transport is discontinued since 2012.
transport
areas
i. very low
ii. low
iii. high
iv. very high
11
11_31 
mpi -> 15 Settlement area per capita
square meters per 
every 3 years
2,17
ESS (LUCAS)
Eurostat
New indicator replacing sdg_11_30 "Difficulty in accessing public 
11.3.1 (s)
(new)
inhabitants
transport". Indicator is a modified version of former sdg_15_30 "Artificial 
area per capita" moved from SDG 15 to SDG 11). Indicator captures land 
take for settlement purposes such as buildings, industrial and commercial 
areas, infrastructure etc. (including green urban areas). It will be used as 
multipurpose indicator for SDG 15 to supplement new indicator on 
imperviousness change rate.
11
11_40
mpi -> 3
People killed in road accidents
persons and number  every year
2,83
CARE database DG MOVE
No modification.
3.6.1 (i)
per 100 000 persons
11
11_50
mpi -> 3
Exposure to air pollution by particulate 
µg/m3
every year
2,33
AirBase - The 
EEA
No modification.
11.6.2 (i)
by particulate matter
matter
i. particulates <2.5µm
European air 
ii. particulates <10µm
quality database
11
11_60
Recycling rate of municipal waste
% of total waste 
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
11.6.1 (p)
generated
11 Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
11
01_60
mpi -> 11 Population living in a dwelling with a leaking  % of population
every year
2,83
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
11.1.1 (s)
X
X
X
X
X
roof, damp walls, floors or foundation or rot  i. total
in window frames or floor
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
9/15

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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
y d
UN
10 P
Eu
P
Ri
by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
(N
by 
(DEGU
b
others
11
06_20
mpi -> 11 Population connected to at least secondary  % of population
every 2 years
2,17
ESS 
Eurostat
No modification.
6.3.1 (s)
wastewater treatment
(OECD/ESTAT 
joint 
questionnaire)
11
09_50
mpi -> 11 Share of busses and trains in total passenger  % of total inland 
every year
2,50
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
9.1.2 (s)
by vehicle
transport
passenger-kilometres
i. all collective 
transport modes
ii. trains
iii. motor coaches, 
buses and trolley 
busses
11
16_20
mpi -> 11 Population reporting occurrence of crime, 
% of population
every year
2,83
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
16.1.4 (s)
X
X
X
X
X
X
violence or vandalism in their area
i. total
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
11 Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
11
on hold
Share of population with access to public 
% of population
not specified
NSIs, TomTom  DG REGIO
No data at MS level or EU aggregate can be expected in short-term. As 
11.2.1 (s)
transport by service level
& public 
alternative, data such as consumer satisfaction with urban transport 
transport 
services (available every 2 years) coming from the Consumer Markets 
providers
Scoreboard (https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/consumer-markets-
scoreboard_en) might be further explored in view of future monitoring.
11
on hold
Share of urban population without green 
% of population
not specified
NSIs, TomTom  DG REGIO
Kept on hold for further consideration in future reviews. According to 
urban areas in their neighbourhood
& Urban Atlas
current knowledge, only a single data point 2012 related to cities is 
available and inclusion would require agreement on replacement of 
existing indicator under SDG 11.
11
not 
Population exposure to environmental noise  % of population (?)
more than 3 
1,83
Reporting under  EEA
Indicator proposal re-considered as replacement of sdg_11_20 "Population 
retained
(TERM 005)
years
Environmental 
living in households considering that they suffer from noise". However, 
Noise Directive 
data provided on 26 Nov 2018 have a narrow scope on road noise and 
(2002/49/EC).
population within urban areas, provide no socio-economic breakdowns, 
have a higher reliance on data imputations and will be available only every 
5 years. As conclusion, quality of EU SDG monitoring for SDG 11 and SDG 3 
would suffer from such a replacement.
11
not 
Generation of municipal waste per capita
every year
2,67
ESS
Eurostat
Suggested for inclusion in order to observe the efficiency of waste 
retained
management. Not retained as current indicator sdg_11_60 "Recycling rate 
of municipal waste" is evaluated in terms of efficiency of waste 
management. Generation of waste is addressed by indicator sdg_12_50 
"Generation of waste excluding major mineral wastes" under SDG 12.
11
not 
Percentage of the population with low or 
not specified
Suggested for inclusion but not retained. Indicators on key elements of 
retained
very low overall satisfaction with the 
housing quality (sdg_01_60 "Population living in a dwelling with a leaking 
dwelling
roof, damp walls, floors or foundation or rot in window frames or floor" 
and sdg_11_10 "Overcrowding rate") are already included in the set. 
However, the (subjective) satisfaction with the dwelling might be included 
in the narrative part of the EU SDG monitoring report.
12 Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
12
12_10
Consumption of hazardous and non-
million tonnes
every year
2,40
ESS (PRODCOM;  Eurostat
No modification. Name of indicator adjusted to fit better to (unchanged) 
by hazardousness
hazardous chemicals
i. hazardous and non-
COMEXT)
definition of content.
hazardous - total
ii. hazardous to health
iii. hazardous to 
environment
12
12_20
mpi -> 8
Resource productivity and domestic material  EUR (chain linked 
every year
3,00
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
8.4.2; 
P1-09
consumption (DMC)
volumes, 2010) per kg 
12.2.2 (p)
DMC; index 2000 = 
100; PPS per kg DMC 
and thousand tonnes 
DMC
10/15

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Code
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Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
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others
12
12_30
mpi -> 9;  Average CO2 emissions per km from new 
g CO2 per km
every year
3,00
Reporting under  EEA
No modification. Movement to SDG 13 might be considered in future 
13
passenger cars
Regulation (EC) 
reviews provided data bug of existing indicator sdg_13_60 “Population 
No 443/2009
covered by the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy signatories” 
cannot be resolved and no alternative indicator on climate action support 
can be found.
12
12_41
Circular material use rate
% of total material use every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
12
12_50
Generation of waste excluding major mineral kg per capita
every 2 years
2,67
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
11.6.1 (s)
by hazardousness
wastes
i. hazardous and non-
hazardous - total
ii. hazardous
iii. non-hazardous
12
12_60
Recycling rate of waste excluding major 
% of total waste 
every 2 years
2,33
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
12.5.1 (s)
by waste operations
mineral wastes
recycled
12 Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
12
07_10
mpi -> 12;  Primary & final energy consumption
million tonnes of oil 
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
P3-13; 
en
13
equivalent and index 
P3-14
2005 = 100
12
07_30
mpi -> 12 Energy productivity
Chain linked volumes  every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification. Transformation to “Energy intensity” to consider once 
7.3.1 (s)
en-c
(2010) in EUR and PPS 
Europe 2020 strategy has run out.
per kg of oil 
equivalent
12
07_40
mpi -> 12;  Share of renewable energy in gross final 
%
every year
2,83
ESS (SHARES)
Eurostat
No modification.
7.2.1 (i)
P3-12
en
by sector
13
energy consumption
i. all sectors
ii. transport
iii. electricity
iv. heating and cooling
12 Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
12
on hold
mpi -> 9
Value added in environmental goods and 
every year
2,50
ESS
Eurostat
Kept on hold (also as potential multipurpose indicator for SDG 9) as no 
services sector
agreement was achieved on existing indicator under SDG 12 to be 
replaced.
12
on hold
mpi -> 2
Food waste
not specified
ESS
Eurostat
Kept on hold as only modelling estimates at EU-level are currently 
12.3.1 (s)
available.
12
on hold
Material footprint, material footprint per 
not specified
ESS
Eurostat
Kept on hold as only modelling estimates at EU-level are currently 
8.4.1 / 
capita, and material footprint per GDP
available.
12.2.1
13 Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
13
13_10
Greenhouse gas emissions
index 1990 = 100 and  every year
2,83
UNFCCC 
EEA
No modification.
P3-11
en
tonnes of CO2 
reporting
equivalent per capita
13
13_20
mpi -> 7
Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of 
index 2000 = 100
every year
2,83
UNFCCC  
EEA; Eurostat
No modification.
energy consumption
reporting and 
EU Greenhouse 
Gas Monitoring 
Mechanism
13
13_30
Mean near surface temperature deviation
Degree Celsius
every year
3,00
Met Office HC;  EEA
In order to apply the CAGR formula in line with the evaluation of other EU 
en-c
i. HadCRUT4
NASA-GISS; 
SDG indicators, data will be presented as smoothed time-series based on 
ii. GISSTEMP
NOAA-NCEI
30-year moving averages instead of annual figures. The 30 year-moving-
iii. NOAA Global Temp
averages are chosen according to the World Meteorological Organisation 
(WMO) definition which considers a period of at least 30 years as 
appropriate to smoothen the short-term climate variability due to natural 
factors.
11/15

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Code
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Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
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type
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b
others
13
13_40
Climate-related economic losses
million EUR (current 
every year
2,20
Munich Re
EEA
In order to apply the CAGR formula in line with the evaluation of other EU 
1.5.2 (s)
by type of event
values)
SDG indicators, data will be presented as smoothed time-series based on 
i. all events
30-year moving averages instead of annual figures (provided an agreement 
ii. meteorological 
to supply the relevant source data can be achieved between EEA and 
events
Munich Re.). The 30 year-moving-averages are chosen according to the 
iii. hydrological events
World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) definition which considers a 
iv. climatological 
period of at least 30 years as appropriate to smoothen the short-term 
events
climate variability due to natural factors.
v. cumulative losses in 
13
13_50
Contribution to the international 100bn USD  million EUR (current 
every year
2,17
Monitoring 
DG CLIMA; 
No modification.
13.a.1 (i)
commitment on climate related expending
prices)
Mecanism 
EIOnet
Regulation 
(MMR) 
525/2013
13 Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
13
07_10
mpi -> 12;  Primary & final energy consumption
million tonnes of oil 
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
P3-13; 
en
13
equivalent and index 
P3-14
2005 = 100
13
07_40
mpi -> 12;  Share of renewable energy in gross final 
%
every year
2,83
ESS (SHARES)
Eurostat
No modification.
7.2.1 (i)
P3-12
en
by sector
13
energy consumption
i. all sectors
ii. transport
iii. electricity
iv. heating and cooling
13
12_30
mpi -> 9;  Average CO2 emissions per km from new 
g CO2 per km
every year
3,00
Reporting under  EEA
No modification. Movement to SDG 13 might be considered in future 
13
passenger cars
Regulation (EC) 
reviews provided data bug of existing indicator sdg_13_60 “Population 
No 443/2009
covered by the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy signatories” 
cannot be resolved and no alternative indicator on climate action support 
can be found.
13
14_50
mpi -> 13 Mean ocean acidity
pH value
every year
2,50
Station ALOHA  EEA / The 
Copernicus-based data provided under the Marine Environment 
14.3.1 (s)
i. measured
Surface Ocean  Laboratory for  Monitoring Service of the European Earth Observation Programme will 
ii. calculated
Carbon Dioxide Microbial 
replace current data source provided data development will be achieved in 
Oceanography  time for drafting the 2019 EU SDG MR and data will be published by EEA in 
Copernicus 
(Hawaii); CMIP;  time before release of the 2019 EU SDG MR. To be noted that to allow 
Marine Service  Copernicus
trend assessment in 2019 EU SDG MR, smoothed time series eliminating 
from 2018
short-term fluctuation will be used.
13 Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
13
on hold 
Population covered by the Covenant of 
million persons and %  every year
2,40
http://www.cov CoMO
Temporarily put on hold due to detected data problems. However, topic 
(13_60)
Mayors for Climate and Energy signatories
of population
enantofmayors.
will still be addressed in the narrative part of 2019 EU SDG MR. Ways 
eu/about/coven
forward are to either resolve the issue or to find an alternative indicator on 
ant-in-
support to climate action.
figures_en.html 
(->Signatories)
14 Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 
14
14_10
Surface of marine sites designated under 
km2
every year
2,50
ETC/BD
DG ENV
No modification.
14.5.1 (s)
NATURA 2000
14
14_21
Estimated trends in fish stock biomass
i. Number of fish 
every year
2,75
JRC (STECF)
No modification.
14.4.1 (s)
stocks assessed
ii. index 2003 = 100
14
14_30
Assessed fish stocks exceeding fishing 
i. Number of assessed  every year
2,75
JRC (STECF)
No modification.
14.4.1 (s)
mortality at maximum sustainable yield 
fish stocks
(Fmsy)
ii. Number of 
overfished fish stocks
iii. % of overfished fish 
stocks
iv. Model based mean 
value of all 
assessments
14
14_40
mpi -> 6
Bathing sites with excellent water quality
Number and % of 
every year
2,50
EEA
EEA
No modification.
by locality
bathing sites
i. seawater
ii. freshwater
12/15

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Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
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Evaluation outcome
illa
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by 
by 
by 
level
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type
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bi
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(DEGU
b
others
14
14_50
mpi -> 13 Mean ocean acidity
pH value
every year
2,50
Station ALOHA  EEA / The 
Copernicus-based data provided under the Marine Environment 
14.3.1 (s)
i. measured
Surface Ocean  Laboratory for  Monitoring Service of the European Earth Observation Programme will 
ii. calculated
Carbon Dioxide Microbial 
replace current data source provided data development will be achieved in 
Oceanography  time for drafting the 2019 EU SDG MR and data will be published by EEA in 
Copernicus 
(Hawaii); CMIP;  time before release of the 2019 EU SDG MR. To be noted that to allow 
Marine Service  Copernicus
trend assessment in 2019 EU SDG MR, smoothed time series eliminating 
from 2018
short-term fluctuation will be used.
14 Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
14
on hold
Marine protected areas in Europe (MAR 004) % of total area (?)
not specified
EEA coastline 
EEA; DG ENV
Kept on hold as potential replacement of sdg_14_10 “Surface of marine 
14.5.1 (s)
for analysis 
sites designated under NATURA 2000” provided data meets minimum 
(EEA); Natura 
quality requirements and frequency and timeliness of the indicator 
2000 data - the 
production can be improved (further investigation with support of DG ENV 
European 
and EEA needed).
network of 
protected sites 
(DG ENV); 
Nationally 
designated 
areas (EEA)
14
on hold
Nutrients in transitional, coastal and marine  concentrations winter  not specified
The European 
DG 
Kept on hold. Indicator is consider as potential enlargement of monitoring 
waters (MAR 005)
nitrate and phosphate 
Topic Centre on  ENV/ESTAT/EEA progress towards SDG 14 provided data meets minimum quality 
in micromol/l
Inland, Coastal 
requirements and frequency and timeliness of the indicator production can 
and Marine 
be improved. Alternatively, indicator such as "Environmental status of 
waters
marine waters" might be considered (further investigation with support of 
DG ENV and EEA needed).
15 Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
15
15_10
Share of forest area
% of total land area
every 3 years
2,17
ESS (LUCAS)
Eurostat
No modification. To be noted that significance of indicator for assessing 
15.1.1 (i)
by type of land cover
i. all forest area FAO
sustainable forest management is limited. The potential of other data 
ii. forest FAO
sources such as Forest HRLs to address the topic of sustainable forest 
iii. other wooded land 
management under SDG 15 needs to be analysed in more detail for further 
FAO
SDG monitoring.
15
15_20
Surface of terrestrial sites designated under  km2
every year
2,50
ETC/BD
EEA / DG ENV
No modification.
15.1.2; 
NATURA 2000
15.4.1 (s)
15 15_30 (del) mpi -> 11 Artificial land cover
m2 per capita; km2; 
every 3 years
2,17
ESS (LUCAS)
Eurostat
Modified to new indicator sdg_11_31 "Settlement area per capita" and 
11.3.1 (s)
index 2009 = 100 and 
moved to SDG 11.
index 2012 = 100
15
15_41 
Imperviousness change rate
ha, %
every 3 years
2,00
Copernicus HRL EEA
New indicator replacing sdg_15_30 "Artificial land cover" (sdg_15_30 was  11.3.1 (s)
(new)
modified to “Settlement area per capita” and moved to SDG 11 to become 
the new indicator sdg_11_31, while still being used as a multipurpose 
indicator for SDG 15). Indicator is based on Copernicus HRL data and 
captures the loss of biologically productive land due to soil 
sealing/imperviousness (excluding green urban areas).
15
15_50
mpi -> 2
Estimated soil erosion by water
km2 and % of the non- a-periodic
1,83
Soil erosion 
JRC
No modification.
artificial erosive area
database
15
15_60
mpi -> 2
Common bird index
index 2000 = 100 and  every year
2,00
PECBMS
European Bird 
No modification. To be noted that currently, no MS data are available.
by type of species
index 1990=100
Census Council
i. all common species
ii. common farmland 
species
iii. common forest 
species
15
15_61
Grassland butterfly index
index 2000 = 100 and  every year
2,00
BMS (Butterfly MEEA (Butterfly 
No modification. To be noted that currently, no MS data are available.
index 1990 = 100
Conservation 
Europe)
13/15

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Code
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Unit(s)
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min=1.5)
source
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illa
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type
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b
others
15 Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
15
06_30
mpi -> 15 Biochemical oxygen demand in rivers
mg O2 per litre
every year
1,83
WISE-4 
EEA
No modification.
6.3.2 (s)
Waterbase
15
06_40
mpi -> 2;  Nitrate in groundwater
mg NO3 per litre
every year
2,00
WISE-4 
EEA
No modification.
6.3.2 (p)
15
Waterbase
15
06_50
mpi -> 15 Phosphate in rivers
mg PO4 per litre
every year
2,00
WISE-4 
EEA
No modification.
6.3.2 (p)
Waterbase
15
11_31 
mpi -> 15 Settlement area per capita
square meters per 
every 3 years
2,17
ESS (LUCAS)
Eurostat
New indicator replacing sdg_11_30 "Difficulty in accessing public 
11.3.1 (s)
(new)
inhabitants
transport". Indicator is a modified version of former sdg_15_30 "Artificial 
area per capita" moved from SDG 15 to SDG 11). Indicator captures land 
take for settlement purposes such as buildings, industrial and commercial 
areas, infrastructure etc. (including green urban areas). It will be used as 
multipurpose indicator for SDG 15 to supplement new indicator on 
imperviousness change rate.
15 Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
15
on hold
Conservation status of species and habitats  % of sufficient or 
not specified
EEA
Kept on hold as potential replacement of sdg_15_20 “Surface of terrestrial 
of European importance (SEBI 003 & SEBI 
improved sites(?)
sites designated under NATURA 2000” provided data meets minimum 
005)
quality requirements and frequency and timeliness of the indicator 
production can be improved (further investigation with support of DG ENV 
and EEA needed).
15
on hold
mpi -> 2
Topsoil organic carbon content
% of organic carbon
not specified
LUCAS
JRC
Kept on hold as indicator development is not finalised and interpretation 
of observed trends based on available data not clear. Adjusted TOC levels 
are expected to vary greatly between MS due to natural conditions but to 
show no important change over time. Alternative indicators capturing 
sustainable cropland management (e.g. based on Copernicus HRL data 
capturing phenomenon such as crop rotation) might be considered.
15
not 
Forest: growing stock, increment and fellings 
not specified
Forest Europe &  EEA
Dropped from the on hold list as data are not suitable to be assessed 
retained
(SEBI 017)
FAO
against a clear target trend. The potential of other data sources such as 
Forest HRLs to address the topic of sustainable forest management under 
SDG 15 needs to be analysed in more detail for further SDG monitoring.
15
not 
mpi -> 11 Land take (LSI 001/CSI 014) or Land cover 
ha, %
not specified
Corine Land 
EEA
Removed from the on hold list as obsolete since new indicators sdg_15_41  11.3.1 (s)
retained
change (SEBI 004)
Cover; 
“Imperviousness change rate” and sdg_11_31 “Settlement area per capita” 
Copernicus
(used as a multipurpose indicator for SDG 15) will be included in EU SDG 
indicator set and will cover this aspect.
16 Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
16
16_10
Death rate due to homicide
number per 100 000  every year
2,67
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
16.1.1 (s)
X
X
persons
i. total
ii. males
iii. females
16
16_20
mpi -> 11 Population reporting occurrence of crime, 
% of population
every year
2,83
ESS (SILC)
Eurostat
No modification.
16.1.4 (s)
X
X
X
X
X
X
violence or vandalism in their area
i. total
ii. below 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
iii. above 60% of 
median equivalised 
income
16
16_30
General government total expenditure on 
million EUR and EUR  every year
2,67
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
law courts
per capita (current 
prices)
16
16_40
Perceived independence of the justice 
% of population
every year
2,33
Eurobarometer DG COMM
No modification.
system
i. very good or fairly 
good
ii. very good
iii. fairly good
iv. very bad or fairly 
bad
v. very bad
vi. fairly bad
vii. unknown
16
16_50
Corruption Perceptions Index
Score scale of 0 
every year
2,83
http://www.tra Transparency 
No modification.
16.5.2 (s)
(highly corrupt) to 100 
nsparency.org/r International
(very clean)
esearch/cpi/ove
rview
14/15

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Goal
Code
MPI
Indicator name
Unit(s)
data collection
min=1.5)
source
provider
Evaluation outcome
illa
y d
UN
10 P
Eu
P
Ri
by 
by 
by 
level
by 
status
by 
type
by 
bi
by 
(N
by 
(DEGU
b
others
16
16_60
Population with confidence in EU institutions % of population
every year
3,00
Eurobarometer DG COMM
No modification.
P0-36
by institution
i. European 
Parliament
ii. European 
Commission
iii. European Central 
Bank
16 Multipurpose indicators: Supplementary indicators of other goals which complement the monitoring of this goal
16
05_10
mpi -> 16 Physical and sexual violence to women 
% of women
a-periodic
1,50
http://fra.europ DG JUST; EU 
No modification, but alternative indicator on "Gender based violence" 
5.2.1 (s); 
X
experienced within 12 months prior to the 
i. age 15-74
a.eu/en/publica Agency for 
needs to be developed as current indicator is discontinued since 2012.
5.2.2 (s)
interview
ii. age 18-29
tions-and-
Fundamental 
iii. age 30-39
resources/data- Rights
iv. age 40-49
and-
v. age 50-59
maps/survey-
vi. age 60+
data-explorer-
violence-against-
women-survey
16 Indicators put on hold or not retained for the EU SDG indicator set 2019
16
not 
Prisoners in pre trial as a percentage of total 
not specified
Suggested for inclusion as replacement of sdg_16_30 "General 
retained
prisoners
government total expenditure on law courts" but not retained as 
preference is given to existing indicator due to its policy relevance in EU 
context.
16
not 
Individuals obtaining information from 
% of individuals aged  not specified
Suggested for inclusion but not retained as preference is given to existing 
retained
public authorities web sites (last 12 months) 16 to 74
indicators under SDG 16 regarding the limited policy relevance of the 
proposed indicator in an EU context.
17 Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementa on and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Developmen  
t
17
17_10
Official development assistance as share of  % of GNI (at current 
every year
3,00
OECD database OECD (DAC)
No modification.
17.2.1 (s)
P9-33
gross national income
prices)
17
17_20
mpi -> 10 EU financing to developing countries
million EUR (current 
every year
2,83
OECD database OECD (DAC)
No modification.
by financing source
prices)
i. total
ii. official 
development 
assistance
iii. grants by NGOs
iii. private flows
iv. other official flows
v. officially supported 
export credits
17
17_30
mpi -> 10 EU imports from developing countries
million EUR (current 
every year
3,00
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
by country income 
prices)
group
i. DAC countries
ii. least developed 
countries
iii. lower middle 
income countries
iv. other low income 
countries
v. upper middle 
income countries excl. 
China
vi. China (excl. Hong 
Kong)
17
17_40
General government gross debt
% of GDP and million  every year
3,00
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
EUR (current prices)
17
17_50
Shares of environmental and labour taxes in  % (current prices)
every year
2,83
ESS
Eurostat
No modification.
total tax revenues
i. environmental taxes
ii. labour taxes
15/15