Ref. Ares(2022)7403026 - 25/10/2022
Ref. Ares(2022)6950032 - 07/10/2022
New lithium-related legislation in Spain
The Council of Ministers has approved a few days ago the Roadmap for
the sustainable management of mineral raw materials. This Roadmap is in
line with European policies on raw materials, such as the Action Plan for
Key Raw Materials or the recent REPowerEU.
The Roadmap envisages four strategic orientations.
1) It seeks efficiency and circular economy in mineral raw materials supply
2) It presents an opportunity to promote and consolidate the sustainable
management of mineral raw materials in the Spanish extractive industry.
3) It focuses on guaranteeing security of supply and compliance with
environmental, geostrategic and social justice requirements in the import
of mineral raw materials.
4) It will promote the industry of mineral raw materials of a strategic
nature for the energy and digital transition.
In practice, this means a commitment to: strategic autonomy; and a more
sustainable, circular, safe and efficient extractive activity. All of this will
advance towards achieving the objectives of energy transition, climate
neutrality and the demographic challenge. REGIONAL
The Regional Government of Extremadura has approved the decree-law
establishing urgent measures necessary to regulate the use of lithium
mineral resources in Extremadura.
1. The exploitation of lithium mineral resources is declared to be of
2. It requires the development in Extremadura of the "metallurgical
treatment and benefit" of lithium, which is defined as "the set of activities
necessary to obtain lithium hydroxide, or a similar useful lithium
3. The exploitation of lithium is also considered "of public utility and social
interest for expropriation purposes".
4. The projects of concessions for the exploitation of lithium mineral
resources in Extremadura referred to in this Decree-Law may be
processed as business projects of regional interest under the protection of
the applicable regional regulations, which facilitates the administrative
processing and makes possible the granting of public aid.
CONCLUSIONS AND ARGUMENTS
Both in Spain and in Extremadura new regulations are being approved to
address the problem of the current foreign dependence on lithium. To this
end, the extraction and transformation of lithium is being pursued under
the principles of environmental sustainability and commitment to the
The Extremadura New Energies project in Cáceres is perfectly adapted to
this model to which both Spain and Europe aspire, and to achieve this it
has incorporated all the demands of Cáceres society:
- It includes a unique battery-grade lithium hydroxide production plant in
Europe that reduces energy dependence.
- It is the first lithium hydroxide plant that uses renewable energies
throughout the process, with the clear objective of achieving '0 emissions'.
- It incorporates an innovative production process that avoids the use of
sulfuric acid in the processing of lithium.
- The extraction will be done subway to avoid environmental impacts on
Extremadura New Energies is a company that offers the first short-term
opportunity to reduce the dependence on lithium hydroxide from
abroad, thus improving the energy autonomy of the European Union and
reducing the impact of the carbon footprint of the current model.