Ref. Ares(2016)1627298 - 06/04/2016
Monday, December 12, 2011 2:45 PM To:
POUDELET Eric (SANCO); VAN GOETHEM Bernard (SANCO);
BTO report meeting US cloning industry on 9/12/2011
Please find below the BTO report from the US cloning industry meeting of 9 December
(only at the
SANCO: Eric Poudelet,
Constructive dialogue with main US cloning companies which has been organized
EU Delegation at Washington.
Others existing US cloning companies (SYAGRA and Minitub) not present in this
meeting. Main information:
-Number of cloned animal by species in US:
Bovine: 1100 (50% male and 50% female); Pig: 190; Sheep: 0; Goat: at
start Horses:>100 Others: Deers
More cloned beef cattle than cloned dairy cattle.
-Cost of a clone:
Bovine: 18000 $; Pig:1500 $ each piglet (6 on average); Horses:165000 $
Clone animals are delivered at 6 months old.
No cryo keeping of extra embryos except for horses.
-Success rate of cloning technique:
Bovine: 10 to 20% depending races; pig >50%; horses:15%.
Still high percentage of failure during pregnancy (critical period 60 to 90 days) for
cloned bovine. No specific problem for the surrogated mothers.
Current private researches to improve success rate. Results not publicly available.
Only SNCT used (Roselyn Institute patent)
Increasing development of genomic selection. Could be combined with the
cloning of younger animals.
No scientific study on animal welfare but guidelines from the International
Embryo transfer society.
Cloned animals are individually identified and registered. No information if
reproductive materials (semen and embryo) of cloned animals are identified as
such (responsibility of each breeding center).
SANCO asked for a contact point for US Semen/Embryo industry and research on
efficiency and welfare issues.
NB: Trans Ova also involved in the marketing of embryo from offspring.
CONCLUSION: Agreement for further meeting in the coming months.