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Ref. Ares(2013)158835 - 07/02/2013
        EUROPEAN COMMISSION 
Date: 14.01.2013 
            JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE 
Action: OPTIMA 
            Institute for the Protection and  Security of the   
            Citizen 
            Global Security and Crisis Management Unit 


Open Source Information Capacity Support 
Interim Report 01/2013 
Administrative Arrangement  
Between 
DG Home Affairs (DG HOME) 
No. HOME/2010/ISEC/AA/003-A1, ABAC No 30-CE-0444512/00-75 
and 
Joint Research Centre (JRC) 
JRC No. 31992 
1

Document History 
Date Author 
Comments 
14.01.2013 
 
Initial draft 
22.01.2013 
 
Small revision 
06.02.2013 
 
Included comments from DG HOME 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 


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1 OVERVIEW .................................................................................................................... 
2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................................. 
3 WORK PACKAGES OVERVIEW ................................................................................. 
Work Package 3.1.1: Support to DG HOME’s Crisis Management and 
Information Gathering Capacity ......................................................... 4 
Work Package 3.1.2: Compilation of information for the planned EU Anti-
Corruption Report ............................................................................... 4 
Work Package 3.2.1 OSINT Community and Tools ........................................ 
Work Package 3.2.2 EMM Server Suite ........................................................... 5 
Reporting........................................................................................................... 
4 PROGRESS REPORT BY MILESTONE....................................................................... 
Work Package 3.1.1: Support to DG HOME’s Crisis Management and 
Information Gathering Capacity ......................................................... 6 
Work Package 3.1.2: Compilation of Information for the planned EU Anti-
Corruption Report ............................................................................... 6 
Work Package 3.2.1 OSINT Community and Tools ........................................ 
Work Package 3.2.2 EMM Server Suite ........................................................... 8 
5 PROJECT PLAN UPDATE ............................................................................................ 
6 PROJECT PLAN ASSESSMENT................................................................................... 
7 ANNEX............................................................................................................................ 9 
7.1 Agenda Workshop October 2011........................................................................ 10 
7.1.1 Thursday, 27.10.2011............................................................................. 10 
7.1.2 Friday, 28.10.2011 ................................................................................. 10 
7.2 Agenda Workshop June 2012 ............................................................................. 10 
7.2.1 Thursday 21 June 2012 .......................................................................... 10 
7.2.2 Friday 22 June 2012 ............................................................................... 11 
7.2.3 Presentation Abstracts............................................................................ 11 
7.3 Agenda Workshop October 2012........................................................................ 13 
7.3.1 Thursday, 27.10.2012............................................................................. 13 
7.3.2 Friday, 28.10.2012 ................................................................................. 14 
7.4 EMM OSINT Suite – Signed License Agreements ............................................ 14 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 


 
1 OVERVIEW 
This document gives an update on the progress of work done towards the goals of the 
Administrative Arrangement “Open Source Information Capacity Support”.  Furthermore, it 
contains an updated project plan for the next phase of the collaboration. 
2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 
Progress on the defined work packages has proceeded as planned. The following milestones are 
completed: 
•  Training and installation of EMM at DG Home’s premises 
•  Support for EU Anti-Corruption Report 
•  Four incremental versions of EMM OSINT Suite with lot of functional additions delivered 
to law enforcement users (20 software licenses signed) 
•  Three OSINT workshops (2 hands-on workshops and 1 expert forum) organised with high 
interest from the MS law enforcement community 
•  Community website ported to new technical platform 
The following work packages will be completed in 2013: 
•  Continuous EMM support to MS authorities and DG HOME’s analytical capacity 
•  Further releases of EMM OSINT Suite desktop toolkit 
•  Online version of  OSINT Field Guide as content for the community website 
Currently, no major challenges are known which could impact the delivery of the remaining open 
tasks. 
3 WORK PACKAGES OVERVIEW 
This chapter gives a brief overview of the different work packages of the AA. The list of packages 
forms a reference for the description of the performed work and the updated project plan as 
described in subsequent chapters. For a full description of each individual package and overall 
background information please refer to the Technical Annex of this AA. 
The first goal of supporting DG HOME’s information gathering capacity is defined in chapter 3.1 of 
the technical annex. It is further structured into the following work packages: 
Work Package 3.1.1: Support to DG HOME’s Crisis Management and Information 
Gathering Capacity 

M1 (Milestone 1): Create EMM Monitoring Categories 
Create categories in collaboration with DG HOME to monitor sources of EMM for DG HOME’s 
areas of interest 
  
 
 
 
 
 


M2: EMM Training 
Train DG HOME’s staff on site in Brussels with access to the EMM NewsDesk editorial interface 
to compile information products. 
M3 (optional):  Full Installation of EMM at DG HOME 
Provide a full installation of EMM at DG HOME’s premises to allow fully autonomous use of 
EMM applications during a crisis situation. 
Work Package 3.1.2: Compilation of information for the planned EU Anti-Corruption Report 
This work package relies on milestones delivered by the preceding work package. 
M4: Setup EMM Account 
Creation of an EMM account for DG HOME’s unit A.2 to compile information on relevant 
prominent corruption cases on a periodic basis for all 27 EU MS. 
M5: EMM Training for Duty Officers 
Provide at least one day of training to DG HOME duty officers in Brussels on the use of EMM 
applications. 
The second goal of improving member state capabilities by disseminating and improving existing 
tools is defined in chapter 3.2 of the technical annex. It is further structured in the following work 
packages.  
Work Package 3.2.1 OSINT Community and Tools 
M6: Continuous Development of EMM OSINT Suite 
Provide at least 2 feature releases per year of the EMM OSINT Suite software in response to user 
requests. 
M7: OSINT Field Manual 
Create online OSINT Field Manual describing best practices of using OSINT for law enforcement 
purposes. 
M8 (optional): Printed OSINT Field Manual  
Create a printed version of the OSINT Field Manual. 
M9: OSINT Workshops 
Organise in total four workshops for law enforcement professionals about OSINT tools and 
techniques. (One workshop may be collocated with the workshop as defined by M10). 
Work Package 3.2.2 EMM Server Suite 
M10: EMM Information Workshop 
Organise a workshop for MS authorities to present the provided EMM server applications. 
M11 Initial EMM Server Setup for Member State 
Provide initial setup of an EMM Server installation as requested by a MS. 
M12: EMM training for Member State staff 
Provide basic training for Member States’ staff on how to operate the EMM installation. 
  
 
 
 
 
 


Reporting 
M13: Inception Report  
Submit inception report within one week after kick-off meeting, describing project plan for the first 
6 months, team composition and further results of kick-off meeting. 
M14: First Interim Report 
Submit draft of interim report within 6 months of AA execution containing executive summary 
update on carried out activities, progress report with results and difficulties and interim findings and 
conclusions on work packages 3.1 and 3.2. Submit revised final report within fourteen days of 
receiving DG HOME’s comments. 
M15: Second Interim Report 
Submit draft of second interim report within 15 months of AA execution addressing the same topics 
as first interim report.  Submit revised final interim report within fourteen days of receiving DG 
HOME’s comments. 
M16: Final Report 
Submit draft of final report within 22 months of AA execution containing a description of the work 
accomplished and results obtained. Submit revised final report within fourteen days of receiving 
DG HOME’s comments. 
 
4 PROGRESS REPORT BY MILESTONE 
This chapter gives an update on the work performed until the 14th of January, 2013. We structured 
this update according to the defined milestones.  
Work Package 3.1.1: Support to DG HOME’s Crisis Management and Information 
Gathering Capacity 

•  M1: Support to DG HOME staff related to definition, creation of EMM monitoring 
categories was provided. 
•  M2: Two online training sessions for DG HOME personnel were performed via phone 
conference 
Work package 3.1.1 included an optional milestone M3 which contained a dedicated installation of 
EMM server at DG HOME’s premises. This milestone has been moved into a dedicated AA1 with 
DG HOME which also comprises additional elements not covered by this AA. 
Work Package 3.1.2: Compilation of Information for the planned EU Anti-Corruption Report 
•  A list of existing relevant categories has been forwarded to DG HOME 
•  M4: A dedicated EMM NewsDesk and AlertEditor account has been created 
•  In close collaboration with DG HOME’s analysts further category definitions have been 
added to the system covering topics important for the Anti-Corruption Report. 
 
                                                 
1 N° HOME/2011/ISEC/AA/002-A1, ABAC N° 30-CE-0513429/00-84 N° JRC.32848-2012 NFP 
  
 
 
 
 
 


Work Package 3.2.1 OSINT Community and Tools 
•  M6: The EMM OSINT Suite has been further developed and four major releases of the 
software were released to users. In addition a set of patch releases were provided to fix 
smaller issues.  
•  Improvements comprise: 
o  Information extraction modules 
ƒ  Text extraction supports additional binary input formats (MS Office 97, 
2007, Open Office) 
ƒ  Entity extraction pipeline completely revised for more performance 
ƒ  Name variant database pre-filled with name variants gathered from EMM  
ƒ  Import and export name of variant data 
ƒ  User defined custom  entity types based on a powerful new pattern engine 
o  Web Search module 
ƒ  New predefined search engines added (Yahoo.com and Blekko.com) 
ƒ  Addition of user defined search engines simplified 
o  Analysis modules 
ƒ  New entity browser component to browse the extracted entity information 
more effectively 
ƒ  Revised graph analysis view integrating with the entity browser component  
ƒ  Enhanced report generator 
o  Support for latest MS Windows 32-bit, 64-bit and Apple OS X operating systems 
Most of the new functions, such as the entity browser component, were developed based on direct 
feedback from users in the law enforcement community.  
Due to demand from users an updated version of the v1.3 development stream of the software was 
released in early 2012. The purpose was to extend the operational lifetime of this version and to 
provide more time for users to upgrade to the v2 version of the software.  
To date 20 MS authorities have licensed the OSINT Suite software package as listed in the annex. 
•  M7: The literature research phase of the OSINT Field Manual has been concluded and a 
draft of the manual is going to be published on the OSINT Community Website in Q1/2013.  
Work on this field guide was pushed back in order concentrate first on improving the 
OSINT Suite software more rapidly. Also, this provided more time to test the new technical 
platform which forms the basis for the community web site going forward. 
•  M9 OSINT Workshops 
o  The first OSINT workshop took place in October 2011. This event provided hands-
on exercises with our software tools. 
  
 
 
 
 
 


o  The second OSINT workshop took place on the 21.-22. June 2012. This event was 
organised as an expert forum containing presentations from OSINT experts in the 
MS. One of the main topics was the use of social media for investigative purposes. 
This event was fully booked which shows the high interest from the law enforcement 
community. Please refer to the annex for a list of the given talks with short abstracts. 
The complete presentations can be found on the OSINT Community web site. 
o  The third OSINT workshop took place 27.-28. October, 2012. This event provided   
hands-on exercises with our software tools. Again, this workshop was very well 
received with over 30 participants from EU institutions and MS. Please refer to the 
annex of this report for the agenda of this event. 
o  The fourth OSINT workshop is planned to take place in April, 2013. This event is 
planned as an expert forum with presentations from OSINT experts in the MS. An 
official announcement will be sent out in January 2013.  
Please refer to the annex for the agendas of the different workshops and information about 
participation from the MS.  
Work Package 3.2.2 EMM Server Suite 
•  M10: An EMM Information Workshop was organised in October 2011. 40 participants from 
MS law enforcement authorities and EU institutions took part. 
•  M11: Members of the project team visited the Dutch Internet Service Centre in order to 
support them operating an EMM installation which serves Dutch tax and law enforcement 
authorities. An installation with the Dutch customs is going to be used as a prototype for 
Dutch, French and British customs.  Additionally, Swedish customs and Romanian 
authorities expressed interest in dedicated EMM installations. 
•  The following MS institutions were provided with an account on EMM NewsDesk to allow 
them to evaluate the system: 
o  Belgium Ministry of Finance / Tax Office 
o  Belgium Security Service VSSE 
o  Europol 
o  Estonian Police 
o  DG HOME 
o  Slovenian Police 
o  Swedish Police 
  
 
 
 
 
 




•  Agenda Workshop October 2012 
•  Licensed users of EMM OSINT Suite 
7.1 Agenda Workshop October 2011 
The first workshop was co-located with the EMM Information Day as defined by milestone M10. 
The event took place 27.-28.10.2012. The event was fully booked with 40 participants from across 
Europe. 
7.1.1 Thursday, 27.10.2011 
•  09:15 Welcome Remarks, 
, DG HOME 
•  09:45 EMM Suite of Tools – Overview, 
, JRC 
•  11:00 EMM Server Interactive Session 1 
•  Lunch Break 
•  14:00 EMM OSINT Suite 2.0, 
, JRC 
•  14:30 Monitoring Media for Events: Moving from Early Alerting to Early Warning, 
 
, JRC 
•  15:30 EMM Server Interactive Session 2 
•  17:00 EMM Server Interactive Session 3 
7.1.2 Friday, 28.10.2011 
•  09:15 Welcome Day 2 
Parallel Sessions: 
•  09:30 EMM OSINT Suite – Acquisition & Basic Functions 
•  11:00 EMM OSINT Suite – Advanced Functions 
•  09:30 EMM Server Interactive Session 4 
•  11:00 EMM Server Interactive Session 5 
•  12:15 Closing Remarks, Feedback, Wrap-Up 
 
 
7.2 Agenda Workshop June 2012 
The June workshop was organised as an expert forum with presentations from experts across 
Europe. The event was fully booked with 44 participants from across Europe.   
7.2.1 Thursday 21 June 2012  
•  09:15  Welcome remarks DG Joint Research Centre, 
, JRC 
  
 
 
 
 
 
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•  09:25  Welcome remarks DG Home Affairs, 
, DG HOME 
•  09:45  Open source intelligence – a practitioner’s perspective, 
 (Research 
Manager, West Midlands Counter Terrorism Unit, United Kingdom) 
•  11:15  Real-time intelligence during events, 
 and 
 
(Senior information analysts, Regional Police, Netherlands) 
•  Lunch break  
•  14:00 Romanian Muslims on social platforms, 
 (OSINT expert, 
Romanian Intelligence Service, Romania) 
•  15:30  Public and private data analysis using open-source components in the real world with 
the iColumbo project, 
 (Lead Developer of iColumbo/Founder of 
Seajas, Netherlands) 
•  16:30  Feedback and conclusions 
7.2.2 Friday 22 June 2012  
•  09:10 Opening workshop 
•  09:15 How to improve security of police databases, 
 (Police 
Superintendent, General Police Directorate, Slovenia) 
•  09:45  Internet surveillance in practice, 
 and 
 (Internet 
surveillance, Regional Police, Netherlands) 
•  11:00  The challenges of applying social network analysis to social media, 
 
 (Intelligence Team Manager, Verisign iDefense, United Kingdom) 
•  12:00  Feedback and conclusions 
•  12:20  Closing remarks DG Home Affairs,  
 (Head of Sector, 
Strategic analysis and response, DG Home Affairs, European Commission) 
7.2.3 Presentation Abstracts 
• 
 - Research Manager, West Midlands Police Counter Terrorism Unit, 
United Kingdom 
 
Open source intelligence - a practitioner’s perspective 
 
The presentation will cover a brief history of the Counter Terrorism Unit and its functions, 
followed by an overview of how the OSINT capability has been developed highlighting 
some of the issues, pitfalls, some of the solutions and the future. The presentation will 
contain examples of how OSINT assisted investigations including one case that led to a 
successful conviction. 
• 
/
 - Senior information analysts, Regional Police 
Force, Netherlands 
 
Real time intelligence during events 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
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During events, social media is scanned for signs of public disorder. Based on these signals, 
management information is produced. With this intelligence, police commanders are more 
able to give instructions to their police officers. In this presentation, examples and methods 
are discussed on the basis of the following three events: a demonstration of activists, a 
football match and the Dutch national celebration day “Queen’s Day”. 
• 
 - OSINT expert, Intelligence Service, Romania 
 
Romanian Muslims on social platforms 
 
The communication changes registered by extremist organizations triggered a specialized 
approach in terms of monitoring the virtual space, in other words an appropriate 
management of the investigation results by means of an automated Social Network Analysis 
and Sentiment and Affect Analysis. 
 
Given radicalization and self-radicalization high risks, security agencies need to establish 
the exact nature of an online social network by monitoring both quantitative elements 
(network dimension and volatility, frequency of participation in debates, number of 
messages per time unit) as well as qualitative issues (position of each member within the 
network; issuers’ persuasive ability; discourse patterns; indoctrination level and radical 
transformation potential). 
 
The lack of a violent discourse inside a social network, although extremely convenient for 
security organizations, could actually be just a cover for achieving Islamic extremism main 
goal – setting up an Islamic conscience to precede the establishment of the Caliphate, based 
on rooting out Western influences and the practice of the ‘right’ religion, in European 
Muslims’ case. 
 
In this particular context, one should use semantic analysis tools to explore a virtually 
unknown zone, namely translate human emotions into measurable data by resorting to 
sentiment analysis filters (positive versus negative), in order to reveal their intensity (level 
of emotional expression), clarifying the evolution of the radicalization process by which a 
moderate individual or group comes to adopt radical ideas and disseminate them. 
 
The study I will present to you right now reveals the interest in using social media in order 
to strengthen the ties within the community and exchange almost radical opinions. Seeds of 
an inflexible form of Islam have been noticed, the trend being visible especially among 
young native and converted, who, driven by the need to be fully accepted by their adoptive 
’family’, eagerly take part in activism projects. 
• 
 - Lead Developer of iColumbo/ Founder of Seajas, Netherlands 
 
Public and private data analysis using open-source components in the real world with 
the iColumbo project
 
 
Data gathering, both on the public internet and from private sources, provides insight and 
relevance to intelligence and public institutions alike. With tangible implementations in the 
real world, we've built and used open-source components to provide search and data 
analysis capabilities that prove that these systems can be built using transparent open-source 
software and technical systems. 
One of these implementations — part of the IRN / iColumbo Internet Monitoring project — 
focuses specifically on meeting the stringent privacy and security requirements set by public 
institutions. Its open and transparent design makes the technology suitable for democratic 
  
 
 
 
 
 
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and legal review as well as meeting forensic standards to make the information suitable to 
be used as evidence in court cases. 
• 
 - Police Superintendent, General Police Directorate, Slovenia 
 
How to improve security of police databases 
 
A large amount of data in log files can keep track of user’s activities in police databases. 
Examination of these log data for insider abuse can be a hard work. This presentation is 
aimed at our approach to support the examination of the log files. 
We support the examination by a recommender system that combines internal and external 
data in order to identify suspicious patterns and items. The identification is based on various 
data analysis techniques, from simple queries to advanced data visualization techniques and 
assessment models. The recommender system is composed of KNIME open source platform 
for data analyses, and data gathering tools such as OSINT Suite. 
The presentation will be focused on integration between the OSINT Suite and the KNIME 
platform. The OSINT Suite provides additional data from public sources that can enrich log 
file data, and the KNIME integrates this data into the recommender system. This concept 
can also be used for examination of similar data such as emails and various documents. 
• 
/
 - Internet surveillance, Regional Police Force, 
Netherlands 
 
Internet surveillance in practice 
 
This presentation focusses on who we are, what we use and some examples of internet 
surveillance and investigation in our police region. 
• 
 - Intelligence Team Manager, Verisign iDefense, United Kingdom 
 
The challenges of applying social network analysis to social media 
 
One of the most powerful tools in the social scientists tools box is Social Network Analysis 
(SNA), a method that can reveals hidden meaning in otherwise formless social groups. SNA 
has been successfully applied by intelligence agencies for decades into mediums such as 
telephonic analysis and the social hierarchies of numerous criminal and terrorist groups. Can 
SNA be as effectively applied to the medium of cyber space, specifically the social groups 
active within online forums and chat channels? This talk examines both the pitfalls and 
possible solutions to applying SNA to the cyber medium. 
7.3 Agenda Workshop October 2012 
The second workshop in 2012 was organised to contain hands-on sessions about our OSINT tools. 
The event was well received with 30 participants. The sessions took place in two parallel tracks 
covering an end-to-end scenario with EMM NewsBrief and basic and advanced sessions with EMM 
OSINT Suite. 
7.3.1 Thursday, 27.10.2012 
•  09:15 Welcome Remarks, 
, DG HOME 
•  09:30 Welcome Remarks, 
, JRC 
•  09:45 EMM Products Overview & Latest Research 
  
 
 
 
 
 
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o  Event Extraction, 
, JRC 
o  Twitter Mining, 
, JRC 
o  Automatic Summarisation, 
, JRC 
o  Sentiment Detection, 
, JRC 
•  Parallel Sessions 
•  11:15 EMM End-to-End 1 
•  11:15 EMM OSINT Suite Web Search, Crawling, Data Import 
•  Lunch Break 
•  14:00 EMM End-to-End 2 
•  14:00 EMM OSINT Suite Entity Extraction 
•  15:30 EMM End-to-End 3 
•  15:30 EMM OSINT Suite Scripting 
•  17:00 EMM End-to-End 4 
•  17:00 EMM OSINT Suite Data Export and Reporting 
7.3.2 Friday, 28.10.2012 
•  09:15 Welcome Day 2 
•  Parallel Sessions: 
•  09:30 EMM End-to-End 5 
•  09:30 EMM OSINT Suite Use Cases 
•  11:00 EMM End-to-End 6 
•  11:00 EMM OSINT Suite Use Cases / Questions & Answers 
•  12:15 Wrap-up & Feedback 
 
7.4 EMM OSINT Suite – Signed License Agreements 
The licensees are ordered in the sequence the license was signed. 
•  Belgium Police, Veurne, Belgium 
•  Centre for Bio security and Bio preparedness, Copenhagen, Denmark 
•  Ministry of Interior, Vienna, Austria 
  
 
 
 
 
 
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• Police Nationale DGPN, Paris, France
• Federal Judicial Police – Gent Branch, Gent, The Netherlands
• Ministry of Finance, Tax Inspection, Brussels, Belgium
• Ministry of Interior, Police, Ljubljana, Slovenia
• Police of Cyprus, Counter Terrorism Office, Nicosia, Cyprus
• Police Rotterdam Region, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
• Federal Police of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium
• VSSE (Interior Intelligence), Brussels, Belgium
• French Atomic Authority CEA, Fontenay aux Roses, France
• Danish Tax and Customs Administration, Hojbjerg, Denmark
• Finnish Tax Administration, Helsinki, Finland
• General Directorate of Customs, Prague, Czech Republic
• Customs Chamber, Opole, Poland
• Police Blekinge Region, Karlskrona, Sweden
• Italian Customs and Monopolies Agency, Rome, Italy
15